Teens|Grammar activating|Pre-Int|4. The future begins today
How are things at school?
Match the sentences to the pictures
Say which of the predictions have come true
- People can travel by air, but not with the help of the wings — we fly by planes.
- We can stay underwater for a long time, but we don’t have underwater buses.
The words of future
Match the words to the definitions
Listen and complete the dialogue with will / may / might/ won’t
I — Interviewer | D — Dr Lanfear
Plans and predictions
Match the meaning with the construction
Make sentences about the future using the constructions
Read the text, then match the title with the paragraph number
My Space Colony
by Nebula Brown. Class 6C. 20th February, 2050.
I live on Lunar Taurus 12. The colony is like a giant wheel. Rockets arrive and leave from the spaceport in the centre. This is connected by monorails to the wheel where we live. The monorails are very quick and it doesn’t take very long to travel anywhere in the colony.
In the spaceport there is a sports centre. I go there twice a week after school. My favourite game is space volleyball. There is no gravity at the centre of the wheel, so you can hit the ball under the net and bounce it off the ceiling!
10,000 people live in our colony on the inside of the wheel. The wheel turns and this creates artificial gravity. Giant mirrors direct sunlight on to the wheel and we have forests, fields and rivers. There’s even an artificial beach with a wave-machine, so you can go swimming and surfing.
All our food is grown in the colony. Vegetables are grown on special farms — all the people on the colony are vegetarians. There are also lots of factories. Rockets bring minerals from the Moon and we manufacture everything here from telephones to toothpaste. There’s a big factory where rockets are repaired — my father works there.
Nothing in the colony is wasted, of course, everything is recycled. It is incredible to think that fifty years ago on Earth, people destroyed and threw away so many things!
Read the film review and watch the trailer
During a space mission to Mars, Astronaut Mark Watney (Matt Damon) is lost after a storm and left behind by his crew. But Watney has survived and finds himself alone on Mars. With almost no food, he will have to survive and find a way to contact Earth.
Discuss the questions
1. Why did NASA stop the mission?
2. What is Mark going to do to survive?
3. Do you think he will survive?
4. Will he meet aliens?
5. Will he be saved in the end and return to Earth?
What you can do
Now you can:
1. talk about space and future;
2. use be going to V, will V, may / might V while speaking about the future.
|1. galaxy||5. speed of light||9. planet|
|2. spacesuit||6. space colony||10. gravity|
|3. solar system||7. alien||11. orbit|
|4. astronaut||8. suspended animation||12. spacecraft|
Be going to
We use be going to + the infinitive to ask and talk about plans and intentions.
⇒ I‘m going to play basketball tomorrow.
What are you going to do at the weekend?
We can also use be going to to predict the future because of what we see or what is happening now.
⇒ That bus is too tall. It‘s going to crash into the bridge.
«It’s six o’clock. We’re too late. We aren’t going to catch the train.»
Note: we can form the negative in two ways.
⇒ We aren’t going to catch the train.
We‘re not going to catch the train.
Will or going to?
We use will when we make a decision at the moment of speaking.
⇒ «Look at your shoes! They’re really dirty.»
«I’m sorry. I‘ll clean them.»
We use going to when we have already decided to do something.
⇒ «Your shoes are dirty.» «Yes, I know. I‘m going to clean them now.»
We use will to predict what we think or guess will happen.
⇒ I think it will rain tomorrow.
We use going to when we know what will happen because of something we can see.
⇒ Look at those dark clouds! It‘s going to rain.
Will it happen?
Fill in the gaps with will, may, might, won’t
will — sure, definitely
may/might — probably
won’t — impossible
Plan or prediction?
Write sentences using the prompts
|We use «be going to + V» to speak about plans.||The spaceship is going to travel to the Moon.|
|We use «will / may / might + V» to make predictions||The mission will / may / might be dangerous.|
Cosmonaut for a day
Read the article and choose if the statements are True or False
Cosmonaut for a day
Max Dereta, a photographer, investigates Star City, the Russian Space Training Centre in Moscow
In a few years time, there might be probably organised holidays to space. But now, if you have money, you can be a cosmonaut for two days. I decide to go along to Russia’s Star City. First, I go into the simulator of a space capsule where you can practise space flight. It is hard to imagine how three cosmonauts can fit into this tiny capsule — and eat, sleep and visit the toilet! The space capsule is used to take cosmonauts to and from the space station.
The next place I see is the swimming pool, where you can practise doing things in a situation 90 % similar to zero gravity. After that I try the simulator of a spacewalker, a rocket-powered backpack. After a quarter of an hour I get the idea of moving with the backpack. Then I go to the space station simulator.
This is used to prepare cosmonauts for visits to the space station. The Russians have found that the worst problem of living in space is returning to gravity again. In the space station simulator cosmonauts have to exercise for up to six hours a day to get ready for returning. Finally, I get the chance to experience weightless conditions. A Russian aeroplane simulates zero gravity for about 25 seconds at a time. «Get ready,» says a voice and we rise from the floor, weightless. We float all over the plane, and I take pictures. «Twenty-five seconds. Get down.» We repeat this ten times and it is absolutely fantastic. I haven’t been to space yet, but this is the next best thing!
Listen and match the facts with the years
How will people explore space in the future?
1. Where are people going to travel?
2. Will people invent new ways of travelling? Will they be faster?
3. What are they going to do on other planets?
4. What or who might they find there?
5. Are people going to establish colonies? What will colonies look like?
6. What problems may people have while exploring space?
Write an essay about the space exploration. Write 100-120 words
|1. galaxy||7. astronaut||13. discover|
|2. planet||8. speed of light||14. land|
|3. orbit||9. space colony||15. create|
|4. gravity||10. alien||16. science|
|5. spacesuit||11. spacecraft||17. space travel|
|6. solar system||12. spaceship||18. scientist|
Кликни по 🔗ссылке, переходи в приложение Quizlet и учи/повторяй слова из урока
- School marks
- The words of future
- Plans and predictions
- Space colony
- The Martian
- What you can do
- Grammar reference
- Will it happen?
- Plan or prediction?
- Cosmonaut for a day
- Space facts
- Future explorations
- App: Quizlet
- Demo | Fun test (Pre-Intermediate)
- Teens|Grammar activating|Pre-Int|1. Your life
- Teens|Grammar activating|Pre-Int|2. A day in life
- Teens|Grammar activating|Pre-Int|3. A Surprise Party
- Teens|Grammar activating|Pre-Int|4. The future begins today
- Teens|Grammar activating|Pre-Int| Revise and check 1
- Teens|Grammar activating|Pre-Int|6. A bad hair day
- Teens|Grammar activating|Pre-Int|7. The way things used to be
- Teens|Grammar activating|Pre-Int|8. Incredible stories
- Teens|Grammar activating|Pre-Int|9. A haunted house
- Teens|Grammar activating|Pre-Int|10. The Canterville Ghost
- Teens|Grammar activating|Pre-Int|11. Amazing people
- Teens|Grammar activating|Pre-Int|12. Talents
- Teens|Grammar activating|Pre-Int|13. Role Models
- Teens|Grammar activating|Pre-Int| Revise and Check 2
- Teens|Grammar activating|Pre-Int|15. Into the wild