Teens|Grammar activating|Int|2. Olympic stories

Warm-up


Look at the photos and name the sport

hockey
hockey

 

football
football

 

rugby
rugby

 


cricket
cricket

 

rhythmic gymnastics
rhythmic gymnastics

 

baseball
baseball

 


Match the kinds of sport to the countries


Lead-in


Watch the video and answer the questions

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You have to work. I try to do it almost every day, this is why I’m in the top level many-many years. Like, it’s not — it’s not by coincidence, it’s because I do it extra outside the pitch. When I’m 12 years old, most of the people told me, «Cristiano, you are very-very good talent player, but you are very skinny, very slim.» And I put it in my mind, the body we can improve. You can improve: you go gym; dedication and hard work — you can improve. So, I’m improving myself. Athleticism means a lot. For me, I think, the small details enhanced are going to make a huge difference to compare with the other players. So I think it’s very important to do this kind of work. And I think it’s going well on me: this is why I’m in good shape almost all the year. And I want to carry on like that because it’s helped me a lot. It’s part of me. I’m not doing that kind of work because I have to, it’s because it’s part of me.

  1. What was his problem in childhood?
  2. How often does he train?
  3. What is his attitude to training?
  4. What do you know about this sportsman?
  5. Do you like him? Why?
  6. What do you think is a professional diet of a sportsman?

Complete the sentences with the missing words from the video

Reading


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Read the texts and mark the sentences True or False

Famous cheating moments in sport

Divine intervention?

1 Football

Argentina were playing England in the quarter-finals of the 1986 World Cup in Mexico. In the 52nd minute the Argentinian captain, Diego Maradona, scored a goal. The English players protested but the referee gave the goal. However, TV cameras showed that Maradona had scored the goal with his hand! Maradona said the next day, «It was partly the hand of Maradona, and partly the hand of God.»

Later in the game Maradona scored another goal and Argentina won 2-1. They went on to win the World Cup.

With a little help from my friends

2 Athletics

Fred Lorz, from New York, won the marathon at the St Louis Olympic Games in 1904. He finished the race in three hours 13 minutes.

After the race Fred was waiting to get his medal and the spectators were cheering him loudly. Alice Roosevelt, the daughter of the US President, was in the crowd, and some journalists took a photo of Fred with her. But then suddenly somebody started shouting «cheat» and soon everybody was shouting the same thing. It was true. Fred had travelled 18 of the 42 kilometres in a friend’s car!

Fred didn’t win the gold medal and he was banned from athletics.


Grammar


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Complete the rules with the examples



Past Simple

Study this example:

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was an Austrian musician and composer. He lived from 1756 to 1791. He started composing at the age of five and wrote more than 600 pieces of music.
He was only 35 years old when he died.

Lived/started/wrote/was/died are all past simple.

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Very often past simple ends in -ed (regular verbs):

  • I work in a travel agency now. Before that I worked in a department store.
  • We invited them to our party, but they decided not to come.
  • The police stopped me on my way home last night.
  • Laura passed her examination because she studied very hard.

But many verbs are irregular. Past simple does not end in -ed. For example:

  • write → wrote Mozart wrote more than 600 pieces of music.
  • see → saw We saw Rose in town a few days ago.
  • go → went I went to the cinema three times last week.
  • shut → shut It was cold, so I shut the window.

In questions and negatives we use did/didn’t + infinitive (enjoy/see/go etc.):

I

She

They

enjoyed

saw

went


Did you

she

they

enjoy?

see?

go?


I

She

They

didn’t enjoy

see

go


Did you go out last night?

— Yes, I went to the cinema, but I didn’t enjoy the film much.


  • «When did Mr Thomas die?» «About ten years ago.»
  • They didn’t invite her to the party, so she didn’t go.
  • «Did you have time to write the letter?» «No, I didn’t

In the following examples, do is the main verb in the sentence (did … do / didn’t do):

  • What did you do at the weekend? (not What did you at the weekend?)
  • I didn’t do anything. (not I didn’t anything)

The past of be (am/is/are) is was/were:

I / he / she / it was / wasn’t
we / you / they were / weren’t

Was I / he / she / it?
Were we / you / they?

Note that we do not use did in negatives and questions with was/were:

  • I was angry because they were late.
  • Was the weather good when you were on holiday?
  • They weren’t able to come because they were so busy.
  • Did you go out last night or were you too tired?

Frequent mistakes

x I didn’t anything.

v I didn’t do anything.

x What did you at the weekend?

v What did you do at the weekend?


Past Continuous

Study this example situation:

Yesterday Karen and Jim played tennis. They started at 10 o’clock and finished at 11.30.
So, at 10.30 they were playing tennis.

They were playing = they were in the middle of playing. They had not finished playing.

Was/were -ing is past continuous:

I/he/she/it was

we/you/they were

playing

doing

working etc.


I was doing something = I was in the middle of doing something at a certain time. The action or situation had already started before this time, but had not finished:

I started doing past

I was doing

I finished doing past
now

  • This time last year I was living in Brazil.
  • What were you doing at 10 o’clock last night?
  • I waved to Helen, but she wasn’t looking.

Compare past continuous (I was doing) and past simple (I did):

Past continuous (in the middle of an action)

  • I was walking home when I met Dave.
    (in the middle of walking home)
  • Kate was watching TV when we arrived.

Past simple (complete action)

  • I walked home after the party last night.
    (= all the way, completely)
  • Kate watched television a lot when she was ill last year.

We often use past simple and past continuous together to say that something happened in the middle of something else:

  • Matt phoned while we were having dinner.
  • It was raining when I got up.
  • I saw you in the park yesterday. You were sitting on the grass and reading a book.
  • I hurt my back while I was working in the garden.

But we use past simple to say that one thing happened after another:

  • I was walking along the road when I saw Dave. So I stopped, and we had a chat.

Compare:

  • When Karen arrived, we were having dinner. (= we had already started before she arrived)

  • When Karen arrived, we had dinner. (= Karen arrived, and then we had dinner)

Some verbs (for example, know and want) are not normally used in continuous:

  • We were good friends. We knew each other well. (not We were knowing)
  • I was enjoying the party, but Chris wanted to go home. (not was wanting)

Frequent mistakes

x We were good friends. We were knowing each other well.

v We were good friends. We knew each other well.

x I was enjoying the party, but Chris was wanting to go home.

v I was enjoying the party, but Chris wanted to go home.

Grammar practice


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Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb


Combine the two sentences. Put the verb in Past Continuous or Past Simple


Retell the stories you have read before

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Text 1


Text 2


Listening


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Listen to the interview and choose the correct answer to the questions


Interviewer: What was the most exciting match you refereed?
Juan Antonio: It’s difficult to choose one match as the most exciting, I remember some of the Real Madrid — Barcelona matches, for example, the first one I ever refereed. The atmosphere was incredible in the stadium. But really it’s impossible to pick just one — there have been so many.
Interviewer: Who was the best player you ever saw?
Juan Antonio: During my career there have been many great players, like Johan Cruyff and Diego Maradona. It’s very difficult to say who was the best but there’s one player who stands out for me, not just for being a great footballer but also for being a great human being and that was the Brazilian international Maura Silva, who used to play here in Spain, for Deportivo La Coruna.
Interviewer: What was the worst experience you ever had as a referee?
Juan Antonio: The worst? Well, that was something that happened very early in my career. I was only 16 and I was refereeing a match in a town in Spain and the home team lost. After the match, I was attacked and injured by the players of the home team and by the spectators. After all these years I can still remember a mother, who had a little baby in her arms, who was trying to hit me. She was so angry with me that she nearly dropped her baby. That was my worst moment, and it nearly made me stop being a referee.
Interviewer: Do you think that there’s more cheating in football than in the past?
Juan Antonio: Oh, yes, I think so.
Interviewer: Why?
Juan Antonio: I think it’s because there’s so much money in football today that it has become much more important to win.
Also football is much faster than it used to be, so it’s more difficult for referees to detect cheating.
Interviewer: How do footballers cheat?
Juan Antonio: Oh, there are many ways, but for me the worst thing in football today is what we call «simulation». Simulation is when players pretend to have been fouled when they haven’t been. For example, sometimes a player falls over in the penalty area when, in fact, nobody has touched him and this can result in the referee giving a penalty when it wasn’t a penalty. In my opinion, when a player does this he’s cheating not only the referee, not only the players of the other team, but also the spectators, because spectators pay money to see a fair contest.
Interviewer: What’s the most difficult thing about being a referee?
Juan Antonio: Ah, the most difficult thing is to make the right decisions during a match. It’s difficult because you have to make decisions when everything’s happening so quickly — football today is very fast. Also important decisions often depend on the referee’s interpretation of the rules. Things aren’t black and white. And of course making decisions would be much easier if players didn’t cheat.
Interviewer: So, in your opinion, fair play doesn’t exist any more.
Juan Antonio: Not at all. I think fair play does exist — the players who cheat are still the exceptions.


Read the sentences. Listen to the recording to check

  1. I got hurt when I caught the ball.
  2. Her serve’s worse than the other girl’s.
  3. It was a draw — the score was four all.
  4. It’s the worst sport in the world.
  5. We warmed up on the court.
  6. They wore red shirts and white shorts.


  1. I got hurt when I caught the ball.
  2. Her serve’s worse than the other girl’s.
  3. It was a draw — the score was four all.
  4. It’s the worst sport in the world.
  5. We warmed up on the court.
  6. They wore red shirts and white shorts.

Speaking


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Read the instructions

You are going to tell a story from your life. If you don’t remember, use your fantasy.

Choose one of the topics below and plan what you are going to say.

  1. What were you doing?
  2. Where? When?
  3. Why did you cheat?
  4. What happened?

  1. Where and when was it?
  2. Who was playing?
  3. What happened?
  4. Why was it so exciting?

  1. Where were you? What was the celebrity doing?
  2. What was he/she wearing? Did you speak to him/her?
  3. What happened in the end?

What you can do


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The things you have learnt today:


  • talk about stories from your life;
  • use Past Simple and Past Continuous while speaking about sport events;
  • listen to and understand texts better;
  • read and understand texts better;
  • pronounce sentences with the right intonation.

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Useful language

  • to get an injury

Homework


Match the definitions with the words

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Complete the newspaper report with the correct form of a verb

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Think about PE lessons at school. Read the plan of an essay

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Plan

  1. Write an introduction.
  2. Present arguments for PE lessons at school.
  3. Present arguments against PE lessons at school.
  4. State your opinion.
  5. Write a conclusion.
  6. Write an essay about PE lessons at school, following the plan above. Use some of the words below

Instructions

  1. Read the topic and the questions carefully.
  2. Plan what you are going to write about.
  3. Write the text according to your plan.
  4. Check your writing before sending it for evaluation.
  5. Learn the rules and see the sample here.
  6. Please use Grammarly to avoid spelling and some grammar mistakes.

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Useful language

  • to go cycling
  • to go jogging
  • to do teamsport