Self-study|IT|Pre-Int|Lesson 3: IT jobs

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In our previous lesson, we discussed the history and the future of IT. Now, let’s think about other questions connected with the development of IT.

🔹 How have IT jobs changed over the years?

🔹 Can you think of IT jobs of the future?

🔹 How do IT trends influence IT professions?


Match the jobs to their definitions


Tick the jobs according to your opinion


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Choose one of the jobs from the previous exercise and write why you think this job is dying or top. Useful Language below will help you.

Useful language

Expressing certainty Expressing uncertainty
  • I’m a hundred percent certain that…
  • I doubt that…
  • I don’t think there can be any doubt about…
  • I’m not sure that…
  • I’m positive that…
  • It’s very unlikely that…
  • I’m quite sure that…
  • I don’t believe that…

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Listen to the audio and match the people with their jobs

Speaker 1

My main priority is the usability of a website. I also select the appropriate colors, fonts, layout and images that create the whole personality of the website.

Speaker 2

I’m the person who is responsible for defining the why, when, and what of the product that the engineering team builds. Basically, I lead cross-functional teams from a product’s conception all the way through to its launch. I’m also in charge of setting a product vision and strategy.

Speaker 3

What do I do? I work for a big international company. People call or email me and ask for help with things like «My internet connection doesn’t work», «My hard drive has crashed», «I think I’ve got a virus», «I get a lot of error messages» and things like this. I talk to them, identify the problem and try to fix it.

Speaker 4

I’m responsible for the configuration, design, implementation, and support of the data analysis solution or business intelligence tool.

Speaker 5

I use a variety of computer languages such as Java and C++ in order to write software programs. I manipulate the program designs made by engineers and developers into a language that the computer can understand and follow.

Speaker 6

There is a joke about my job — a worker must be replaced if they can’t find anything wrong because there’s always something wrong, and it’s my job to find it.



Listen to the audio again and choose the person who said each line


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Listen to the audio and tick the appropriate responsibilities

AWS — Amazon Web Services

Student Kevin

S: IT means information technology, but what does it involve?

K: It actually involves all the jobs and everything connected with computers and technology in business.

S: It has changed a lot over the years…

K: Yes, it has changed dramatically! We used to have IT people, who would come and set up your computer at your corporate job and install Microsoft Windows on there and image your system. When your hard drive crashed, they would fix it and they would set up your network, and so on. I believe there’s still that part of IT.

S: In what way has it changed then?

K: Now there are DevOps people.

S: Developer operations people?

K: Exactly. They do the infrastructure and make sure that the software gets deployed. So, information technology is that whole big scope of every single job, role and responsibility related to computers in the business setting. Probably some people would define it otherwise, but that’s my definition of it.

S: Interesting. The term IT was used to talk about the help desk people, the people that would set up computes, networking, and stuff.

K: True! But now we’ve got the cloud and AWS. There we’re using virtual machines and cloud-based hosting.

S: It turns out that many companies don’t even really have IT anymore.

K: That’s what I’m talking about. They’re outsourcing IT, because the guys who used to run those network wires and used to give you an IP address are not needed now as we’re able to solve that with technology.

S: There are still plenty of those people around …

K: Yes, but it’s different now. I mean, earlier in my software development career, it was just like, «No sweat!» But now there are a lot of new software developers who are writing code and that’s it. You don’t necessarily have to have a network guy or a help desk guy today as the technology has changed. So, IT in some companies has been eliminated. I hope I cleared it up for you a little bit!

S: Sure! Thank you very much.



If IT is changing, doesn’t it mean that IT today differs a lot from IT in the past? Can you explain how this is happening?


Listen to the audio again and mark the statements as true or false

Student Kevin

S: IT means information technology, but what does it involve?

K: It actually involves all the jobs and everything connected with computers and technology in business.

S: It has changed a lot over the years…

K: Yes, it has changed dramatically! We used to have IT people, who would come and set up your computer at your corporate job and install Microsoft Windows on there and image your system. When your hard drive crashed, they would fix it and they would set up your network, and so on. I believe there’s still that part of IT.

S: In what way has it changed then?

K: Now there are DevOps people.

S: Developer operations people?

K: Exactly. They do the infrastructure and make sure that the software gets deployed. So, information technology is that whole big scope of every single job, role and responsibility related to computers in the business setting. Probably some people would define it otherwise, but that’s my definition of it.

S: Interesting. The term IT was used to talk about the help desk people, the people that would set up computes, networking, and stuff.

K: True! But now we’ve got the cloud and AWS. There we’re using virtual machines and cloud-based hosting.

S: It turns out that many companies don’t even really have IT anymore.

K: That’s what I’m talking about. They’re outsourcing IT, because the guys who used to run those network wires and used to give you an IP address are not needed now as we’re able to solve that with technology.

S: There are still plenty of those people around …

K: Yes, but it’s different now. I mean, earlier in my software development career, it was just like, «No sweat!» But now there are a lot of new software developers who are writing code and that’s it. You don’t necessarily have to have a network guy or a help desk guy today as the technology has changed. So, IT in some companies has been eliminated. I hope I cleared it up for you a little bit!

S: Sure! Thank you very much.


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Revise the rules of Present Simple and Past Simple

To form Present Simple, we:

🔹use the base form or infinitive (without to) with I, we, you, they;

🔹add -s to the base form or infinitive with he, she, it;

🔹use am/is/are as affirmative forms of the verb to be.

In questions and negative sentences, we normally use do/does/don’t/doesn’t + the base form or infinitive.

Note

🔹We use am/is/are + not as negative forms of the verb to be.

🔹Modal verbs don’t require auxiliaries do and does in questions or negative sentences (e.g. Can you help me? We shouldn’t talk about these changes right now).

To form Past Simple, we:

🔹add -ed to the base form of regular verbs;

🔹need to remember special Past Simple forms of irregular verbs;

🔹use was/were as affirmative forms of the verb to be.

In questions and negative sentences, we normally use did/didn’t + the base form or infinitive.

Note

🔹We use was/were + not as negative forms of the verb to be.

🔹Modal verbs don’t require the auxiliary did in questions or negative sentences (e.g. He couldn’t do that task).


Complete the sentences with the present or past simple form of the given verbs


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You are going to read a text and an article about IT trends. Before you do it, click on the card and learn more about useful reading strategies!

Study the reading strategies and do the exercise below

Skimming refers to looking only for general or main ideas.

When you skim, you:

🔹read the title;

🔹read all the headings and subheadings;

🔹notice any pictures, charts, or graphs;

🔹pay attention to any italicized text or words in bold;

🔹focus on topic sentences.

Scanning refers to looking only for a specific fact or piece of information without reading everything.

When you scan, you:

🔹state the specific information you are looking for;

🔹try to guess how the answer will appear in the text and what clues you might use to help you locate the answer (e.g. if you were looking for a certain date, you would quickly read the paragraph looking only for numbers);

🔹use headings and any other aids that will help you identify which sections might contain the information you are looking for.

Reading for detail refers to reading each sentence of a text carefully.

When you read for detail, you:

🔹read the text carefully to remember where the key information is;

🔹underline unknown terms and determine their meanings from context;

🔹summarize the information you got while skimming and scanning.



Find the correct heading to each paragraph about IT trends

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Do you want to read more about IT trends?

Read an excerpt from the article and mark the statements below as True or False

IT trends



If you want to read the whole article, go to 🔗this page.

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You’re planning to have a discussion about future IT jobs. You want to prepare for it to sound polite and professional.

Tick the appropriate phrases according to the heading


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Click on the button to learn some other opinions on the topics mentioned above. Which of these ideas are similar to yours?

1.

a) I think that it’s 100 percent true because 100 years ago many people couldn’t predict most of the existing jobs, though the technologies didn’t evolve as fast as it’s happening now.

b) I don’t think so. Most predictions are based on different research, so I believe they are rather reliable. Moreover, now we know most of the technologies; so, these technologies will evolve and new ones will not appear.

2.

a) I think it’s absolutely right. Maybe in 50 years everything will be done by robots.

b) I can’t agree with this opinion. IT specialists will service these technologies and create new ones.

3.

a) I agree that this sphere is developing, so new people are needed. Moreover, such jobs are well paid.

b) I think that this field is not for everyone. You have to have special characteristics to be able to work in IT.

4.

a) I absolutely agree because this industry is developing so fast that, without any personal development, you will be lagging behind.

b) No, I don’t think so. You must know the basics to do it. New knowledge is good, but it’s always optional — not vital.

5.

a) Well, if you ask me, I completely agree. New technologies will replace other jobs, so the only jobs left will be the ones that will service technologies or probably robots.

b) I don’t think so. New technologies will replace some jobs but not all of them. There are some jobs that can’t be done by robots or any other technologies.

6.

a) In my opinion, it’s true. This industry is growing now and new people are needed. However, the demand will decrease and so will salaries.

b) No, I don’t think it will happen because that will probably be the only industry where people will actually work, so the salaries will only increase.

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Reorder the words and enjoy this wise proverb


Vocabulary. Choose and mark the correct definition


Grammar. Tick the uses according to the correct tenses. Then choose three cases and make sentences that are true about you



Read the statements below, choose two you’d like to discuss, and record your opinion


Урок Homework Курс
  • Jobs that might disappear
  • Let's start!
  • Changes in IT jobs
  • Past and Present
  • The future of IT jobs
  • IT trends
  • Discussing trends
  • Homework

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