IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 2|3. Planning an essay

Quick & Easy Writing Tip for IELTS, TOEFL, TOEIC, PTE


 Planning an essay

In Task 2 of both the General Training and Academic Writing Modules candidates have to write an essay of at least 250 words. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task and it is a good idea to take up to five minutes planning your essay before you start writing.


1. Read the two tasks, A and B. Which task would appear on the Academic Writing Module and which on the General Training Writing Module? Why?

A


Write about the following topic.

Some people believe that professional sportsmen and women are paid too much money nowadays in relation to their usefulness to society. Do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

B


Write about the following topic.

The amount of sport shown on television every week has increased significantly and this is having an impact on live sports events.

Do you think the benefits of having more televised sport are greater than the disadvantages?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.


2. Here are two possible ways of designing an essay plan. Match each plan to its task in exercise 1.


Paragraph plan:

Para 1

Introduction

  • outline topic
  • give my basic opinion (agree/disagree)

Para 2

Salaries / prospects of top sports players

  • include examples: David Beckham? Martha Navratilova?

Para 3

Salaries of other ‘useful’ jobs

  • doctors
  • teachers
  • firefighters

Para 4

Role of the sport society

Para 5

Conclusion

  • restate my opinion
  • finish with a strong sentence.

3. Read this essay and divide it into paragraphs corresponding to the paragraph plan in exercise 2.


Paragraph plan:

Para 1

Introduction

  • outline topic
  • give my basic opinion (agree/disagree)

Para 2

Salaries / prospects of top sports players

  • include examples: David Beckham? Martha Navratilova?

Para 3

Salaries of other ‘useful’ jobs

  • doctors
  • teachers
  • firefighters

Para 4

Role of the sport society

Para 5

Conclusion

  • restate my opinion
  • finish with a strong sentence.


Cross out any material you consider to be irrelevant or inappropriate. For any paragraph that looks too short, decide what needs to be added, by checking against the plan.

How useful are sports players to our society? Do they earn too much money? This essay will discuss these questions. If we consider the top sports players, it is true that they are paid huge salaries. For example, the footballer David Beckham earns millions with his club and then he is paid more money to endorse the products of various sports companies.

I wish I could earn a million dollars by wearing a pair of football boots! Sportsmen tend to earn a lot more money then their female equivalents. In tennis, Martha Navratilova has won more titles than the greatest male players but her earnings are probably significantly less.

The most useful jobs in society are those that help people: doctors make people better when they are sick and teachers prepare a new generation for entry into society. Perhaps the most useful job of all is that of the fire fighter, who saves lives and property on a regular basis. Yet firefighters are paid very little and often have to do a second job to earn enough money to live on. Other people in society apart from sports players earn a lot of money. Some businessmen are millionaires. Sport is undoubtedly one of our main forms of entertainment today. Even if people don’t go to live matches, they watch sport on television, either broadcast live or the highlights afterwards. However, this doesn’t justify such large salaries, in my opinion.

4. The essay in exercise 3 opens with two «rhetorical» Used sparingly, rhetorical questions can be an effective way of introducing the topic or raising a new point in an essay, Turn these notes for task В into rhetorical questions, starting with the word given and adding any other words necessary.

  • so much sport broadcast Why?
  • in the best interests of sport Is … ?
  • effects of this on players What?
  • tickets sold at matches How many?
  • viewers cope with sport overload Can … ?

5. Write the following sentences under the three task В headings below. Then add your own ideas.

Reasons for growth of television sport Benefits Disadvantages
  1. Ticket prices have risen dramatically.
  2. Sport has become an important form of entertainment.
  3. Smaller clubs have suffered financial losses.
  4. Top players can ask for large salaries.
  5. Fewer people attend live football matches nowadays.
  6. There are more TV channels than ten years ago.
  7. Larger football clubs benefit financially from TV revenue.
  8. More people have developed an interest in sport.

6. Now write the first draft of an answer to task B. Try to include some of the information you have just worked on in exercises 4, 5 and 6. Your essay should contain five paragraphs, including an introduction and a conclusion.

В


Write about the following topic.

The amount of sport shown on television every week has increased significantly and this is having an impact on live sports events.

Do you think the benefits of having more televised sport are greater than the disadvantages?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.


7. Use the checklist below to make any changes necessary and then write your final answer.

Checklist

Have you

  • answered all aspects of the task?
  • included an introduction and a conclusion?
  • made your paragraphing clear and logical?
  • checked all your material is relevant?
  • used any rhetorical questions?
  • checked your spelling and grammar?
  • written at least 250 words?

HEALTH AND BODY

1. Read the text and decide which answer best fits each space. Then fill the gaps.

pic2_GE|Pre-Int|Pract English3



2. Choose the most appropriate word in each sentence.


3. Complete each space with a word formed from the words in capitals.

Dictionary

1. Match each sentence (a-j) with an explanation (1-10). Write in the gaps numbers 1-10.

a) I nodded ………9……………… 1 I moved my eyebrows together to show disapproval.
b) I chuckled 2 I laughed uncontrollably, in a silly way.
c) I grinned 3 I looked with wide-open eyes at the same place for several moments.
d) I shook my head 4 I laughed quietly under my breath.
e) I scowled 5 I opened my mouth uncontrollably to show boredom or tiredness.
f) I giggled 6 I gave a large smile.
g) I yawned 7 I moved my head from side to side meaning 'no'.
h) I frowned 8 I made a threatening expression with my lips.
i) I chocked 9 I moved my head up and down meaning 'yes'.

 

j) I stared 10 I had trouble breathing because my throat was blocked.

 

 

pic1_el_GE_L3

1. Replace the words underlined in each sentence with one of the words from the box.

crawling hobbling marching staggering tiptoeing dashing limping rambling strolling wandering