IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 10|2. The Garden City
- Did you grow up in the city or in the country?
- What are some of the advantages of living in a city?
- What aspects of life in the city would you complain about?
- Which world city do you think would be the best to live in?
- Which cities do you feel safe in?
- How will cities in the future be different from those today?
- What do you think should be done to improve living condition in cities?
(Academic Reading, General Training Reading and Listening Modules)
If you have to choose one answer, there will be three options (in the Listening Module, and occasionally in Reading) or four options (only in Reading).
If you have to choose more than one answer, there will be more options. In this case, the order of your answers isn’t important: for example, if the answers are A, C, D, and you write D, A, C, they will still be counted as correct.
Each question normally focuses on one part of the passage. However, in the Reading Modules you may be asked one multiple choice question about the whole passage.
The questions follow the order of information in the passage.
The options usually do not follow the order of information in the passage.
The questions and options are normally paraphrases of the passage.
- Read the instructions carefully. Note how many answers are required for each question.
- Read the first question. Look or listen for the relevant part of the passage. Read or listen carefully, considering all the options.
- Consider the options in relation to the question. In some cases an option may be true, but does not answer the question. Eliminate options by putting a cross (X) beside them when you are sure they are wrong.
- Always choose only the required number of options for each question.
- Make sure you answer every question — you won’t lose marks for wrong answers.
1. This passage is similar to those in Section 4 of the Listening Module.
Choose the correct answer.
Choose FIVE letters A-J.
Which FIVE claims does the writer make about suburban sprawl?
1. This passage is similar to those in the Academic Reading Module and Section 3 of the General Training Reading.
The Invention of the Garden City
The garden city was largely the invention of the British social visionary Ebenezer Howard (1850-1928). After emigrating to the USA, and an unsuccessful attempt to make a living as a farmer, he moved to Chicago, where he saw the reconstruction of the city after the disastrous fire of 1871. In those pre-skyscraper days, it was nicknamed ‘the Garden City’, almost certainly the source of Howard’s name for his proposed towns. Returning to London, Howard developed Iris concept in the 1880s and 1890s, drawing on notions that were circulating at the time, but creating a unique combination of proposals.
Tire nineteenth-century slum city was in many ways an horrific place; but it offered economic and social from existing cities to ensure that the land was bought at rock-bottom, depressed-agricultural, land values. They should get agreement from leading industrialists to move their factories there from the congested cities; their workers would move too, and would build their own houses.
Garden cities would follow the same basic blueprint, with a high proportion of green spaces, together with a central public open space, radial avenues, and peripheral industries. They would be surrounded by a much larger area of permanent green belt, also owned by the company, containing not merely farms, but institutions like reformatories and convalescent homes, that opportunities, lights and crowds. At the same time, the British countryside — now too often seen in a sentimental glow — was in fact equally unprepossessing: though it promised fresh air and nature, it suffered from agricultural depression and it offered neither sufficient work and wages, nor adequate social life. Howard’s idea was to combine the best of town and country in a new’ kind of settlement, the garden city. Howard’s idea was that a group of people should establish a company, borrowing money to establish a garden city in the countryside, far enough could benefit from a rural location.
As more and more people moved out, the garden city would reach its planned limit — Howard suggested 32,000 people; then, another would be started a short distance away. Thus, over time, there would develop a vast planned agglomeration, extending almost without limit; within it, each garden city would offer a wade range of jobs and services, but each would also be connected to the others by a rapid transit system, thus giving all the economic and social opportunities of a giant city.
2. Choose the correct answer.
1. Choose and write the words that best fits each space.
2. Complete each sentence with the most appropriate word from the box.
3. Complete each job definition with a word from the box.
|historian anthropologist genealogist archaeologist geneticist
geologist palaeontologist Egyptologist etymologist
4. Choose the most suitable word in each sentence.
1. Replace the phrases in italics with the most appropriate phrase from the box.
2. Choose the correct word in italics to complete the collocation in bold.
3. Match the human achievements (1-7) with their consequences.
- Multiple choice
- 1. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 1|1. Information overload
- 2. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 1|2. The mind. Vocabulary practice
- 3. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 2|1. Human nature: character, psychology
- 4. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 2|2. Only a game
- 5. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 2|3. Planning an essay
- 6. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 3|1. Brands
- 7. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 3|2. Time for a change. Business and marketing
- 8. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 4|1. Spotlight on communication
- 9. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 4|2. Fame and the media. Media bias
- 10. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 5|1. Is plastic fantastic?
- 11. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 5|2. Energy. Natural resources
- 12. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 6|1. IELTS Speaking and Listening tips
- 13. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 6|2. Striving to achieve: study, work
- 14. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 7|1. Music matters
- 15. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 7|2. The arts. Writing practice
- 16. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 8|1. Worlds to explore
- 17. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 8|2. Science and discoveries
- 18. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 9|1. Culinary tools
- 19. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 9|2. Modals in conditional sentences. Revision
- 20. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 10|1. Old and new
- 21. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 10|2. The Garden City
- 22. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 11|1. In your dreams
- 23. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 11|2. The selling of the Senoi