IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 1|2. The mind. Vocabulary practice

  • In what ways are mind and body connected?
  • Can you give some examples of how mind and body are connected, from your own experience?
  • Do you do anything to look after your brain?
  • What do neuroscientists want to know about the brain?
  • How often do you tax your brain?

1. Choose the correct answer that best fits each space.

2. Replace the words in bold with a synonym/phrase from the box. Then circle the correct option A-D.

instinctive   helpful   intellectual   operational

Answer: D

understand   control   weaken   determine

Answer: C

disputed   suggested   responded   told

Answer: B

1. Complete each sentence with a form of the word in CAPITALS.

  1. The researchers are working with teenagers with behavioural problems. (BEHAVE)
  2. The child’s poor awareness was a concern to his teachers. (SPACE)
  3. The brain has to constantly deal with a huge amount of input. (SENSE)
  4. The subjects first had to a series of black and white images. (MEMORY)
  5. Some people claim to know when danger is present. (INTUITION)
  6. Our experience of the world may not be the same as others. (PERCEIVE)


2. Complete the definitions with a word from the box.



hallucinations well-being hypochondria IQ
amnesia disorder obsession phobia dementia
  1. Some who is determined to succeed has a great deal of willpower.
  2. Someone who perceives images which do not exist is experiencing.
  3. Someone who is unable to stop thinking about the same subject has a form of .
  4. Someone who performs very well in an intelligence test has a high .
  5. Someone whose behaviour is anti-social may be suffering from a mental .
  6. Someone whose brain no longer functions properly as they get older has .
  7. Someone who treats people for depression wants to improve their emotional .
  8. Someone who has no memory of the recent and/or distant past is suffering from .
  9. Someone who has an extreme fear of something, for example, spiders, has a .
  10. Someone who often believes they are ill when they are healthy suffers from .

3. Choose and write in the gaps two words or phrases in italics which are similar in meaning.

  1. People with іnsomnia are prone to/addicted to/susceptible to hallucinations and anxiety. /
  2. Anyone who has had a traumatic experience may be overcome/overrated/overwhelmed by sadness. /
  3. It is a tendency to/an addiction to/а craving for caffeine that makes it hard to stop drinking coffee. /
  4. Rapid eye movement is a(n) accidental/subconscious/involuntary action during the process of lying. /
  5. The need for social interaction is an instinctive/interior/innate human desire. /
  6. In some people, gambling becomes a(n) forceful/uncontrollable/compulsive habit. /
  7. Under such stress, Chris isn’t capable of making a logical/rational/cerebral decision. /
  8. Nicotine can activate/stimulate/enliven the brain's pleasure centres, making it hard to give up smoking. /
  9. Nuha's ability to remember thousands of dates was a remarkable trait/mood/ attribute. /
  10. Researchers questioned whether the cognition/mindset/mentality of violent criminals was connected to their early childhood. /


1. Replace the words or phrases in brackets with a more academic word from the box.

consolidate provoke convert monitor stimulate
resemble store retrieve modify relate

2. Look at the pairs of sentences in 1-20 and choose a verb which can be used with both sentences. In some cases, the meaning of the verb may change slightly. Then use a dictionary to find other objects which can be used with the verbs.



Hi. Welcome back to I’m Adam, and today’s lesson is for those of you who will be taking the IELTS test. Now, as usual, when I do an IELTS class, I will speak a little bit faster, a little bit closer to natural speed for those of you who need the extra listening practice. But this is for everybody; there’s always something to learn, it’s all English.

So today we’re going to specifically look at IELTS Task 1, and I’m going to give you a few vocabulary that are essential to success in IELTS Task 1. You won’t necessarily use all of them every time, but you need to know these nine words that I’m going to show you-or 10 words, depends how you look at it-you need to know these words so you’re ready for pretty much any kind of infographic that comes your way.

Now, most of the time and most of your practice, I’m sure, is graphs. Okay? So we’re going to start with looking at graphs, and we’re going to look at these two words: «fluctuate», a verb, okay? And: «fluctuation», a noun. Now, from my experience, checking students’ or test takers’ essays, this word is quite often misused. Okay? I think sometimes people are not exactly sure what this word means. So, to show you, I’m going to show you a graph, here. This is a fluctuation. Let’s say we’re looking at a span of 2000 to 2014, so we’re looking 15 years of sales, let’s say. Sales and whatever the number is in hundred of millions. Okay? «Fluctuate» means to go up and down quite rapidly. Okay? It doesn’t have to be rapid; it could be steady, but there’s an up, there’s a down, there’s an up, there’s a down.

If you’re going something like this, this you don’t call a fluctuation. Even though it’s not a straight line, it’s still not a fluctuation, because overall, the sales are still going upwards, they’re still increasing. Fluctuation, there must be some downward movement as well. It goes up and there’s down from… Let’s say from the starting point. So here we go up, down, up, down, up, down. Here, it’s mostly up. You very rarely go down below where you started. So overall, you have an upward motion. This is to fluctuate. So, you can use it as a verb: Over the span of the recording, of the record, of the 15 years, sales fluctuated from let’s say 100 million to as little… And ended up here, let’s say, it’s a little bit lower to 110. So, overall, there was a slight increase, but sales fluctuated throughout the period. Okay?

You can use «fluctuation». If you want to talk about the graph as a whole, you can say: «The graph shows fluctuations in the sales numbers.» Okay? The graph shows fluctuations. Sales fluctuated. So you can talk about the… Whatever is on the x-axis itself, or you can talk about the graph as a whole. Use «fluctuate» for whatever item is here; use «fluctuation» for the graph as a whole.


overkill /’əuvəkɪl/ noun [ U ] DISAPPROVING much more of something than is needed, resulting in less effectiveness

Should I add an explanation, or would that be overkill?

input /’ɪnput/ noun [ C ] SPECIALIZED the part that carries information to a machine, or the place where this is connected.

The inputs for the CD-ROM are at the back of the computer.

an input device

outcome /’autkʌm/ noun [ C usually singular ] a result or effect of an action, situation, etc.

It’s too early to predict the outcome of the meeting.

output /’autput/ noun [ U ] an amount of something produced by a person, machine, factory, country, etc.

Last year British manufacturing output fell by 14%.

overwork /ˌəuvə’wɜːk/ verb [ I or T ] to (cause someone to) work too much

You look exhausted — I hope they’re not overworking you.

inundate /’ɪnʌndeɪt/ verb [ T ] TOO MUCH

1. to give someone so much work or so many things that they cannot deal with them all

We have been inundated with requests for help.

overwhelming /ˌəuvə’welmɪŋ/ adjective

2. very great or very large

She said how much she appreciated the overwhelming generosity of the public in responding to the appeal.

An overwhelming majority have voted in favour of the proposal.

biased, UK ALSO biassed /’baɪəst/ adjective showing an unreasonable like or dislike for a person based on personal opinions.

The newspapers gave a very biased report of the meeting.

I think she’s beautiful but then I’m biased since she’s my daughter.

Opposite unbiased.

retrieve /rɪ’triːv/ verb [ T ] to find and bring back something

We taught our dog to retrieve a ball.

Computers are used to store and retrieve information efficiently.

at sea


I’m all/completely at sea with the new coins.

scratch/ scrape the surface

to deal with only a very small part of a subject or a problem

There’s far more to be said — I’ve only had time to scratch the surface in this talk.

The amount of aid which has been offered is hardly going to scratch the surface of the problem.

milestone /’maɪlstəun/ noun [ C ] ( UK ALSO milepost ) IMPORTANT EVENT

2. an important event in the development or history of something or in someone’s life

He felt that moving out from his parents’ home was a real milestone in his life.

empathy /’empəθɪ/ noun [ U ]

the ability to share someone else’s feelings or experiences by imagining what it would be like to be in their situation.

undermine /ˌʌndə’maɪn/ verb [ T ] to make someone less confident, less powerful or less likely to succeed, or to make something weaker, often gradually.

The President has accused two cabinet ministers of working secretly to undermine his position/him.

Criticism just undermines their confidence.

ascertain /ˌæsə’teɪn/ verb [ T ] FORMAL to discover; to make certain

The police have so far been unable to ascertain the cause of the explosion.

[ + that ] I ascertained that no one could overhear us before I told Otto the news.

[ + question word ] Have you ascertained wh ether she’s coming or not?

sensory /’sen(t)s(ə)rɪ/ adjective [ before noun ] SPECIALIZED connected with the physical senses of touch, smell, taste, hearing and seeing

susceptible /sə’septəbl/ adjective INFLUENCED

1. easily influenced or harmed by something

She isn’t very susceptible to flattery.

These plants are particularly susceptible to frost.

Among particularly susceptible children, the disease can develop very fast.

overcome /ˌəuvə’kʌm/ verb overcame , overcome UNABLE TO ACT

2. [ T usually passive ] to prevent someone from being able to act or think in the usual way

They were overcome by fumes from the fire and had to be carried out of their houses.

Overcome with/by emotion, she found herself unable to speak for a few minutes.

mindset /’maɪndset/ noun [ U ] a person’s way of thinking to have a different/the same mindset

It’s extraordinary how hard it is to change the mindset of the public and the press.

rote learning

learning something in order to be able to repeat it from memory, rather than in order to understand it

demote /dɪ’məut/ verb [ T ] to lower someone or something in rank or position

The captain was demoted ( to sergeant) for failing to fulfil his duties.

Opposite promote.

dissolve /dɪ’zɔlv/ verb BE ABSORBED

1. [ I or T ] (of a solid) to be absorbed by a liquid, especially when mixed, or (of a liquid) to absorb a solid

Dissolve two spoons of powder in warm water.

Nitric acid will dissolve most animal tissue.

dissolve /dɪ’zɔlv/ verb END

2. [ T often passive ] to end an official organization or a legal arrangement

Parliament has been dissolved.

Their marriage was dissolved in 1968.

futile /’fjuːtaɪl/ adjective (of actions) having no effect or achieving nothing; unsuccessful

Attempts to get supplies to the region are futile because troops will not allow the aid convoy to enter the city.

It ‘s quite futile trying to reason with him — he just won’t listen.

All my attempts to cheer her up proved futile.

cure /kjuə/ verb [ T ] PRESERVE

3. to treat food, tobacco, etc. with smoke or salt, etc. in order to stop it decaying

cured meats