IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 1|2. The mind. Vocabulary practice
- In what ways are mind and body connected?
- Can you give some examples of how mind and body are connected, from your own experience?
- Do you do anything to look after your brain?
- What do neuroscientists want to know about the brain?
- How often do you tax your brain?
1. Choose the correct answer that best fits each space.
2. Replace the words in bold with a synonym/phrase from the box. Then circle the correct option A-D.
instinctive helpful intellectual operational
understand control weaken determine
disputed suggested responded told
1. Replace the words or phrases in brackets with a more academic word from the box.
2. Look at the pairs of sentences in 1-20 and choose a verb which can be used with both sentences. In some cases, the meaning of the verb may change slightly. Then use a dictionary to find other objects which can be used with the verbs.
IELTS VOCABULARY – Task 1
overkill /’əuvəkɪl/ noun [ U ] DISAPPROVING much more of something than is needed, resulting in less effectiveness
Should I add an explanation, or would that be overkill?
input /’ɪnput/ noun [ C ] SPECIALIZED the part that carries information to a machine, or the place where this is connected.
The inputs for the CD-ROM are at the back of the computer.
an input device
outcome /’autkʌm/ noun [ C usually singular ] a result or effect of an action, situation, etc.
It’s too early to predict the outcome of the meeting.
output /’autput/ noun [ U ] an amount of something produced by a person, machine, factory, country, etc.
Last year British manufacturing output fell by 14%.
overwork /ˌəuvə’wɜːk/ verb [ I or T ] to (cause someone to) work too much
You look exhausted — I hope they’re not overworking you.
inundate /’ɪnʌndeɪt/ verb [ T ] TOO MUCH
1. to give someone so much work or so many things that they cannot deal with them all
We have been inundated with requests for help.
overwhelming /ˌəuvə’welmɪŋ/ adjective
2. very great or very large
She said how much she appreciated the overwhelming generosity of the public in responding to the appeal.
An overwhelming majority have voted in favour of the proposal.
biased, UK ALSO biassed /’baɪəst/ adjective showing an unreasonable like or dislike for a person based on personal opinions.
The newspapers gave a very biased report of the meeting.
I think she’s beautiful but then I’m biased since she’s my daughter.
retrieve /rɪ’triːv/ verb [ T ] to find and bring back something
We taught our dog to retrieve a ball.
Computers are used to store and retrieve information efficiently.
I’m all/completely at sea with the new coins.
scratch/ scrape the surface
to deal with only a very small part of a subject or a problem
There’s far more to be said — I’ve only had time to scratch the surface in this talk.
The amount of aid which has been offered is hardly going to scratch the surface of the problem.
milestone /’maɪlstəun/ noun [ C ] ( UK ALSO milepost ) IMPORTANT EVENT
2. an important event in the development or history of something or in someone’s life
He felt that moving out from his parents’ home was a real milestone in his life.
empathy /’empəθɪ/ noun [ U ]
the ability to share someone else’s feelings or experiences by imagining what it would be like to be in their situation.
undermine /ˌʌndə’maɪn/ verb [ T ] to make someone less confident, less powerful or less likely to succeed, or to make something weaker, often gradually.
The President has accused two cabinet ministers of working secretly to undermine his position/him.
Criticism just undermines their confidence.
ascertain /ˌæsə’teɪn/ verb [ T ] FORMAL to discover; to make certain
The police have so far been unable to ascertain the cause of the explosion.
[ + that ] I ascertained that no one could overhear us before I told Otto the news.
[ + question word ] Have you ascertained wh ether she’s coming or not?
sensory /’sen(t)s(ə)rɪ/ adjective [ before noun ] SPECIALIZED connected with the physical senses of touch, smell, taste, hearing and seeing
susceptible /sə’septəbl/ adjective INFLUENCED
1. easily influenced or harmed by something
She isn’t very susceptible to flattery.
These plants are particularly susceptible to frost.
Among particularly susceptible children, the disease can develop very fast.
overcome /ˌəuvə’kʌm/ verb overcame , overcome UNABLE TO ACT
2. [ T usually passive ] to prevent someone from being able to act or think in the usual way
They were overcome by fumes from the fire and had to be carried out of their houses.
Overcome with/by emotion, she found herself unable to speak for a few minutes.
mindset /’maɪndset/ noun [ U ] a person’s way of thinking to have a different/the same mindset
It’s extraordinary how hard it is to change the mindset of the public and the press.
learning something in order to be able to repeat it from memory, rather than in order to understand it
demote /dɪ’məut/ verb [ T ] to lower someone or something in rank or position
The captain was demoted ( to sergeant) for failing to fulfil his duties.
dissolve /dɪ’zɔlv/ verb BE ABSORBED
1. [ I or T ] (of a solid) to be absorbed by a liquid, especially when mixed, or (of a liquid) to absorb a solid
Dissolve two spoons of powder in warm water.
Nitric acid will dissolve most animal tissue.
dissolve /dɪ’zɔlv/ verb END
2. [ T often passive ] to end an official organization or a legal arrangement
Parliament has been dissolved.
Their marriage was dissolved in 1968.
futile /’fjuːtaɪl/ adjective (of actions) having no effect or achieving nothing; unsuccessful
Attempts to get supplies to the region are futile because troops will not allow the aid convoy to enter the city.
It ‘s quite futile trying to reason with him — he just won’t listen.
All my attempts to cheer her up proved futile.
cure /kjuə/ verb [ T ] PRESERVE
3. to treat food, tobacco, etc. with smoke or salt, etc. in order to stop it decaying
- Practice 1
- Practice 2
- 1. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 1|1. Information overload
- 2. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 1|2. The mind. Vocabulary practice
- 3. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 2|1. Human nature: character, psychology
- 4. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 2|2. Only a game
- 5. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 2|3. Planning an essay
- 6. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 3|1. Brands
- 7. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 3|2. Time for a change. Business and marketing
- 8. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 4|1. Spotlight on communication
- 9. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 4|2. Fame and the media. Media bias
- 10. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 5|1. Is plastic fantastic?
- 11. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 5|2. Energy. Natural resources
- 12. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 6|1. IELTS Speaking and Listening tips
- 13. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 6|2. Striving to achieve: study, work
- 14. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 7|1. Music matters
- 15. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 7|2. The arts. Writing practice
- 16. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 8|1. Worlds to explore
- 17. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 8|2. Science and discoveries
- 18. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 9|1. Culinary tools
- 19. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 9|2. Modals in conditional sentences. Revision
- 20. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 10|1. Old and new
- 21. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 10|2. The Garden City
- 22. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 11|1. In your dreams
- 23. IELTS|Adults|Advanced|Unit 11|2. The selling of the Senoi