GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|21. You don’t have to be great to start…

Warm-up

You don’t have to be great to start, but you have to start to be great.

Zig Ziglar


1.1 Read the title of the lesson. Do you agree or disagree with this quote? What does success mean to you?

In your answer use phrases:

  • I really appreciate…
  • Actually, I (verb)…
  • In my opinion…

Grammar

Grammar

1.1 Choose and mark must or mustn’t in the next sentences.


REMEMBER

You can’t use must with the past, only with present or future.


1.2 Choose have to or don’t have to in the next sentences.


1.3 Choose the correct answer.

Pronunciation

1.1 Listen to the next sentences and copy the rhythm.

When we pronounce mustn’t /ˈmʌsənt/ first t is silent, we don’t need to pronounce it.

Sentences

You must give up smoking.
You mustn’t eat fast food.

1.2 Listen and write four sentences.

Sentences

I must call my dad tonight.
You mustn’t turn the music on too loud.
Humans must have drinking water at least every two days.
We must have a special permit to camp in the national park.

Reading and Listening

1.1 What are your reasons for learning English? Do you like learning or you just have to do it?


1.2 Read an article and answer the questions.

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The benefits of learning a second language
by Jennifer Smith

Learning a new language takes time and dedication. Once you do, being fluent in a second language offers numerous benefits and opportunities. Learning a second language is exciting at all ages. It offers practical, intellectual and many aspirational benefits.

Whatever your age is, being bilingual certainly has its advantages, especially in today’s global society. Here are the top benefits of learning a second language:

Better job prospects
Companies who plan to expand into overseas market are constantly looking for bilingual staff, who are well-paid and receive excellent benefits, as they will ultimately give the company a huge competitive advantage.

By learning a second language, you will be indispensable at your place of work as you can easily bridge the cultural gap between the two countries, and those with the ability to speak a second language are more likely to find a job.

Brain health
Medical studies have shown the positive effects that learning a second language has on the brain.

Travel and leisure
Learning a new language opens up a world of new opportunities. If you choose to learn a commonly spoken language, such as Spanish, French or German, you can travel practically anywhere in the world and not have trouble with translations.

Improved first language
Learning a second language focuses your attention on the grammatical rules and constructions of the native language. This experience gives people a new insight into their own language and ultimately leads to them improving their mother tongue, which will improve their everyday lives.

Improved understanding of the world
Learning a new language gives you a greater global understanding of the world we live in. Even by learning a few phrases, never mind a whole language, you will access many fascinating cultures around the world and understand the differences between the two countries.

Experience new cultures
Different culture has its own music, style, history, literature and many more interesting things which you will be able to enjoy and understand. You will be able to connect through books, TV, the internet and converse with whole countries worth of people, ultimately broadening your horizons, interests and views. A whole new world will be open to you.

Achievement
Learning a new language is an achievement anyone can be proud of and is extremely satisfying. Once the hard work and effort has paid off, you will experience the many benefits associated with learning a new language and you will have a new found confidence.


1.3 Without looking at the text try to remember as many benefits as you can and tell about them.


1.4 Match benefits with their descriptions.


2.1 Listen to the dialogue and answer the questions after it.

pic3_GE_Pre-Int_21

Mike and Sam

M – Mike, S – Sam

M – Hi! Come in!
S – Hello! Wow, what is this?
M – This is my workbook and other stuff. I decided to start learning Spanish.
S – Spanish? What for?
M – Well, you know, a second language gives a lot of advantages in the future.
S – You are too old to learn any new languages. It takes too much time. Let’s watch a match instead!
M – No, I’m not too old. First, learning of learning languages trains your brain, so I’ll become older not as fast as you will.
S – Ha-ha, very funny!
M – And it is a perfect opportunity to travel without an interpreter, do you remember our last travel? We got lost and wasted a lot of time. And next year we want to visit Spain, so it will be a nice practice for me.
S – Well, you want to spend all year studying the language because you will spend one week in Spain — sounds stupid. And after that what will you do?
M – Probably I will find a well-paid job, as it’s known learning develops creativity and brain health and builds up your self-confidence. So, you see there are a lot of advantages.
S – Now it sounds more interesting. Probably I will learn it with you, do you mind?
M – It’s a fantastic idea! I’ve read that learning together makes progress faster and helps not to give up.
S – When will we start?
M – Now!


2.2 Decide which sentences are true or false. Explain your decision.

Vocabulary

1.1 Put the words from the table from the weakest to the strongest.


REMEMBER

A bit we use only before negative adjectives and adverbs, e.g. a bit spoiled, a bit crashed.

Really stronger than very, e.g. He is very good. & He is really good.

Quite has an intermediate meaning between a lot & a little.


1.2 Match the word with its definition.

Speaking

1.1 Answer the questions.

1. Have you ever used your English in real life? When? Why?
2. Do you like learning English? Why?
3. Do you like watching films or videos in English? How often do you watch them?
4. Have you ever read a book in English? Which one? Did you like it?
5. Are learning another foreign language? How well can you speak it?


1.2 Make a story. Tell what you can see in this picture, what was before this picture and what will be after it.

pic4_GE_Pre-Int_21

Writing

1.1 Read the letter and answer the questions.

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A FORMAL EMAIL

From: Katherin Maincraft (katherinmain@gmail.com)

To: The Cambridge Language Courses (cambridgelanguage@gmail.com)

Subject: Information about courses

Dear Sir/Madam,

I am writing to ask for information about your language courses. I am interested in three weeks intensive course.
I am 40 and I work at school as a teacher of mathematics. I can read English quite well, but I have problems with listening and speaking. I think I have pre-intermediate level. I can’t find information on your website about intensive courses next summer. Could you please send me information about dates and prices? Also I need some information about accommodation. I would like to stay with a family if possible, my husband is going to visit me for a weekend when I am at school, so, could he stay with me in the same family?

Yours faithfully,

Katherin Maincraft


1.2 Choose true/false. Explain your choice.


1.3 Look at the expressions. How would they be different in an informal letter? Choose formal and informal ones.


1.4 Read the advertisements and write a formal email asking for information. Write two paragraphs.

P1. Explain why you are writing and give some personal information.

P2. Ask your questions and ask for information.

Use phrases from the previous exercises!


Homework

1.1 Choose the correct answer.


1.2 Complete sentences with must/mustn’t.


1.3 Choose and mark have to or don’t have to in the next sentences.


1.4 Read the letter and answer the questions after it.

pic8_GE_Pre-Int_21

Dear Sir/Madam,

I am writing to complain about a meal we had in your restaurant on Friday.
We had booked a table for six o’clock, but when we arrived there were no free tables and we had to wait for more than an hour to sit down.
Only a few dishes were available and their quality was poor. The meat tasted awful and the waiter was rude when we told him about this.
We have eaten in your restaurant several times in the past but this is the first time we have received such a bad treatment. I am not asking to refund but I would like you to improve the quality of your dishes and service.

Your faithfully,

Mike Mackgregor


1.5 Choose the right answer.


1.6 Without looking at the text complete the gaps.

Урок Homework Курс
  • Warm-up
  • Grammar
  • Pronunciation
  • Reading and Listening
  • Vocabulary
  • Speaking
  • Writing
  • Homework
  1. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|1. Where are you from?
  2. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|2. Describing people
  3. GE|Adults| Pre-Intermediate|3. Things you wear. Prepositions of place. Clothes
  4. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|4. How did you spend your holidays?
  5. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|5. Historical events
  6. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|6. How to tell a good story?
  7. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|7. What are you going to do?
  8. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|8. Old friends
  9. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|9. Can you explain it in English? Words-helpers
  10. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|10. Annoying habits
  11. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|11. Going shopping
  12. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|12. Good weekend vs bad weekend. At the weekend
  13. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|13. Life in metropolises
  14. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|14. Describing a town (city)
  15. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|15. Are you a healthy person?
  16. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|16. Pessimist vs Optimist. Choose your side
  17. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|17. Speak low, if you speak 'Love'
  18. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|18. Every great dream begins with a dreamer
  19. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|19. I told her: my house is your house. So she sold it
  20. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|20. To do what you like is freedom...
  21. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|21. You don't have to be great to start...
  22. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 1: Check into the hotel
  23. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 2: Going to a restaurant
  24. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 3: In the shopping centre
  25. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 4: At the pharmacy
  26. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Revise and Check 1-4
  27. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Revise and Check 5-8
  28. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Revise and Check 9-13