GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|20. To do what you like is freedom…

Warm-up

To do what you like is freedom. To like what you do is happiness.

Frank Tyge

pic1_GE_Pre-Int_20


1.1 Do you know the meaning of the words above? What part of speech are they? Do you know that by adding 4 letters to the end of these words you make them into nouns? Do you know which letters you need to add? Write them.

Reading

1.1 Think about things that make you happy. What are they? Give your own tips on how to be happy.


1.2 Read the article and say which tips can be useful for you and which of them you can’t use. Why?

10 Tips to Help You To Choose To Be Happy

pic2_GE_Pre-Int_20

1. Find the good and positive in every situation.
It is not difficult. In every situation there must be something good, joyful or amusing. Why not focus on it? Change the way you look at things, focusing more on the bright side of life.

2. Focus on solutions.
It is very easy to find problems and difficulties everywhere. Instead of focusing on the problems, focus on solutions.

3. Watch your thoughts.
Whenever you catch yourself thinking negative thoughts, change them to pleasant ones.

4. Watch funny movies.
Give preference to watch funny comedies that make you laugh, rather than thrillers and violent movies, especially before bedtime.

5. Reading
Every day, find time to read a few pages from an inspiring book or an article.

6. Look at what you have already accomplished and focus on it.
We often start the day with the intention to complete several goals or tasks, but we are unable to complete them. At the end of the day you might feel frustrated and unhappy, because you haven’t been able to do all of those things. It would be wise to be more reasonable and use common sense, instead of deciding without thinking. When you set more reasonable goals and tasks, you have less chances of being disappointed and unhappy.

7. Every day do something good for yourself.
It may be something small, for example buying a book, baking a cake, going to the theatre, visiting friends, or inviting friends to your house.

8. Seek the company of happy people.
If you are in the company of happy people, there is a great chance that you will be infected by their happiness, provided you don’t focus on unhappiness while in their company.

9. Don’t take anything too personally.
Don’t allow negative remarks or behavior affect your mind and feelings. You might not succeed the first, second or third time, but if you are persistent, you will eventually succeed.

10. Listen to relaxing, uplifting music.
They say that music is the language of the soul. Listen, to relaxing music, or any kind of music that uplifts your spirit.

By Remez Sasson


1.3 Match the tips with their descriptions.

Grammar

Gerund is a special form of verb + ing. It can be positive going or negative not going.


We use gerund:

  • as the subject or object of a sentence
    e.g. Walking makes me happy. (subject)
    Imagine winning the lottery. It would be great! (object)
  • after some verbs, e.g. like, love, hate, enjoy, finish, go on, (don’t) mind, spend time, start, stop, tell.
    e.g. You won’t believe! I really love doing housework.
  • after prepositions
    e.g. She is very good at painting.
  • with the verb start we can use a gerund or infinitive, e.g. They started playing. They started to play.

1.1 Choose and mark the right form of the verb.


1.2 Put the correct gerund form to the given verbs.


It is common to use –ing form after such verbs as like, love and hate, especially when you are speaking about general likes and dislikes.


1.3 Choose the correct item.

Vocabulary and Speaking

1.1 Complete the sentences with the words from the box.


1.2 Choose 6 things to talk about. Give as much information as you can.

pic12_T|Grammar act|L9

Something that you…

1. like doing in the house
2. like studying
3. like reading
4. spend too much time doing
5. are good at (doing)
6. are bad at (doing)
7. hate doing
8. dream of doing
9. like doing on Sundays

Pronunciation

1.1 Listen to the verbs and write them in the right column.

It, sit, ice, did, bride, wide, fill, is, slip, bit, witch, life, pick, hike, chick, time, shine, kid

life ice is sit did witch chick fill slip
hike kid it wide bit bride pick time shine


1.2 Listen and check.

Letter i sounds like [i] it, sit, did, fill, is, slip, bit, bitch, pick, chick, kid
Letter i sounds like [ai] ice, bride, wide, life, hike, time, shine

REMEMBER

In one syllable words

i + consonant + e = (ai) the exceptions are give, live

ind and igh are usually pronounced like (ai)

i between two consonants is usually pronounced like (i)

In two syllable verbs

i is pronounced as (i) when the first syllable is stressed e.g. practise /ˈpræk.tɪs/

i is pronounced as (ai) when the second syllable is stressed, e.g. beside /bɪˈsaɪd/


1.3 Put the words from the box into the sentence.


1.4 Listen and check yourself. Copy the rhythm.

Listen to the sentences

1. I always arrive on time.
2. They decided not to go.
3. The engine works well.
4. He invites us to his party.
5. He was online yesterday.
6. I need to practise my English.
7. I’ve promised you.
8. Revise and check your exercises.
9. Their service is perfect.
10.It was a little surprise for her.

1.5 Choose the word with a different sound.

Speaking and Listening

1.1 Listen to the dialogue.

pic3_GE_Pre-Int_20

John and Rebecca

J – John, R – Rebeca

J- Hi, Rebeca!

Silence

J- Rebeca, do you hear me? Hey!
R- O, Jonny, hello. Good to see you! I’m sorry I’m listening to my favorite song; I didn’t notice you.
J- It’s ok! By the way, what is your favorite song?
R- Try to guess…
J- Is it from rock or pop music?
R- No, I hate pop music.
J- Is it some classic composition?
R- Yes, it is.
J- Does this music make you feel calm?
R- Well, yes and no. It depends on my mood, actually.
J- Are these Chopin’s compositions?
R- Yes! His music makes me feel happy. I listen to it every day. Scientists say that classical music makes our brain work better, I can’t say it is true, but I hope it is. What do you like listening to?
J- Oh! It’s my bus. Let’s talk about music tomorrow. Bye!


1.2 Mark which of the statements below are true / false.


1.3 Tell about some good or bad facts about the influence of music that you know.


2.1 Listen to the dialogue and choose the right answers.

John and Rebeca

J — John, R — Rebeca

J- Hello, why don’t you listen to the music as usual?
R- Oh, John, I’m so nervous that even music can’t help me.
J- Why? What happened?
R- Today is my first lesson at the music school and I know nothing about singing.
J- It’s not a problem, let me help you.
R- Really? How?
J- First, remember, when you learn to sing you need to breathe correctly. Singing trains your breath.
R- I’m not sure if I can breathe well.
J- Singing takes off emotional stress. You also need to think about something nice. It’ll help you.
R- I hope it will.
J- Try to think what you will be doing in the evening.
R- What for?
J- Just imagine that all your stresses are over and this day ends with something relaxing.
R- Yes, you know, it works. Thanks for your advice.
J- You’re welcome.



2.2 Make a story from the pictures.

Homework

pic4_GE|Beg|Intro short

1.1 Choose and mark the right form of the verb.


1.2 Write the –ing form of the verbs


1.3 Complete the sentences with the -ing form of the verbs from the list.

listening playing studying training doing
spending going doing playing asking


1.4 Match the halves of the sentences.

Урок Homework Курс
  • Warm-up
  • Reading
  • Grammar
  • Vocabulary and Speaking
  • Pronunciation
  • Speaking and Listening
  • Homework
  1. 1. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|1. Where are you from?
  2. 2. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|2. Describing people
  3. 3. GE|Adults| Pre-Intermediate|3. Things you wear. Prepositions of place. Clothes
  4. 4. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|4. How did you spend your holidays?
  5. 5. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|5. Historical events
  6. 6. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|6. How to tell a good story?
  7. 7. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|7. What are you going to do?
  8. 8. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|8. Old friends
  9. 9. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|9. Can you explain it in English? Words-helpers
  10. 10. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|10. Annoying habits
  11. 11. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|11. Going shopping
  12. 12. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|12. Good weekend vs bad weekend. At the weekend
  13. 13. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|13. Life in metropolises
  14. 14. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|14. Describing a town (city)
  15. 15. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|15. Are you a healthy person?
  16. 16. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|16. Pessimist vs Optimist. Choose your side
  17. 17. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|17. Speak low, if you speak 'Love'
  18. 18. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|18. Every great dream begins with a dreamer
  19. 19. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|19. I told her: my house is your house. So she sold it
  20. 20. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|20. To do what you like is freedom...
  21. 21. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|21. You don't have to be great to start...
  22. 22. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 1: Check into the hotel
  23. 23. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 2: Going to a restaurant
  24. 24. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 3: In the shopping centre
  25. 25. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 4: At the pharmacy
  26. 26. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Revise and Check 1-4
  27. 27. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Revise and Check 5-8
  28. 28. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Revise and Check 9-13