GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|16. Pessimist vs Optimist. Choose your side

Warm-up

1.1 Look at these pictures and answer the questions.


1.2 Answer the questions.

1. Do you agree with these expressions?
2. Do you have an optimistic view?
3. Do you know someone with opposite views?


How to say it

  • If I’m not mistaken…
  • I agree/disagree…
  • It depends
  • The thing is…

Vocabulary

1.1 Look at the flashcards and guess the verbs and their opposite meaning. Then turn to see the solution.


2.1 Choose and mark the right answer.


2.2 Do a mini-quiz. It can help you to decide if you lean towards pessimism or optimism.

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1. Do you think that most things that happen in your life are your fault?
2. Do you have «all or nothing» thinking?
3. Do problems become catastrophes?
4. Are you a perfectionist?
5. Will you be shy when someone gives you a compliment?
6. Will you look for the approval and opinion of others before doing something?
7. Do you focus on the negative things?


Interesting fact

Issues and problems. Do you know the difference?

An issue is much softer than a problem and has a readily solution. Mostly an issue causes personal annoyance.

A problem is life altering, temporarily or permanently. They can cause others to be affected. A «problem» is something bad that you have to deal with.

Grammar

1.1 Contractions

It is possible to use contractions in both positive and negative sentences.
With positive contractions WILL becomes ‘LL and is joined to the subject:

Positive Contraction:

I will -> I’ll

You will -> you’ll

He will -> he’ll

When we think or believe something about the future we use will or won’t. (Prediction)

This can be based on personal judgement or opinion.

— I think it will snow later so take your gloves with you.

pic4_GE_Pre-Int_16

— I think you will find the meeting interesting.

pic5_GE_Pre-Int_16


Notice how often you use «I think…» before the subject + will.

In the negative, we add NOT to the end of WILL (= will not)

With negative contractions, will not becomes won’t:

Negative Contraction:

I will not -> I won’t

You will not -> you won’t

He will not -> he won’t


2.1 To be going to.

We use “to be going to…” to predict the nearest future or seem sure to happen. Such predictions are based on present evidence:

1. I‘m going to paint.

2. Look at the clouds; it‘s going to snow.

3. My mother is going to have a baby.


3.1 Put the verbs into the correct form using will/won’t.


4.1 Look at the pictures and try to make a prediction.

Pronunciation

GE_El|pic2

1.1 Listen and repeat the phrases. Copy the rhythm.

I’ll
I’ll be late
I’ll be late for the party.

You’ll
You’ll forget
You’ll forget to call me.

She’ll
She’ll fail
She’ll fail the exam.

It’ll
It’ll start
It’ll start in time.

They’ll
They’ll buy
They’ll buy a car.


1.2 Listen to the sentences. Can you hear the difference?

1. want UK |wɒnt| US |wɑːnt| – I want to help.
2. won’t UK |wəʊnt| US |woʊnt| – I won’t help.


1.3 Listen and write six sentences. Use the contractions.

Sentences

1. You’ll tell me everything about him.
2. They’ll go shopping next Monday.
3. You’re going to buy a new house.
4. We’re going to get married this autumn.
5. We’ll win this game despite all predictions.
6. Are going to start your model career?


1.4 Imagine now that you are a pessimist. Make negative predictions to respond to the You say phrases.

Reading

1.1 Do you have a pessimistic or an optimistic view about the future of our planet? Don’t you think that the author of this article is too optimistic about our future?


1.2 Read this text and work with the exercises below.

pic6_GE_Pre-Int_16

Future in space

Some day people will live in space. By the end of the century there will be permanent settlements that will allow people to lead a normal life in space. Hundreds of astronauts are going to work and live in the space station, which will take ten years to build.
In some way, living on the moon will be easier than living on a space station. And it will be cheaper because people won’t bring everything from the earth by rockets.The space city will be like a gigantic glass wheel that will contain buildings, forms, factories and special meeting-places. Inside it, people won’t live differently from small towns on Earth. It will have air so that inhabitants can breathe, and they won’t need to wear special space-suits inside the buildings.
Scientists also believe that they will obtain water from a large ice lake on the moon. People won’t have to do housework because robots will do that for them. Food won’t be a problem, as settlers won’t need to eat. Instead, they will take a pill three times a day!
The first group of astronauts will live on the moon for six months and then they will return to earth and another group will travel. This will be repeated until the first settlers can establish permanently in the new city. Life on the moon will only be the beginning. We hope they will use the knowledge we get there to plan expeditions to Mars, Mercury and even Pluto.

From Teens Club, Lina Alvarado


Wordlist (turn to see the translation):


1.3 Read the text and answer these questions:

1. How will people live in space?
2. How long will each group will stay in the space city?
3. When will people be permanently on the moon?
4. Where will people take water from?
5. What is life in space going to be like?


1.4 Read the text again. Decide if these sentences are true or false. Correct the false ones.

Listening and Speaking

pic14_GE|Upper-Int|L1

1.1 Listen to the introduction of a radio program. Try to tell why positive thinking is good for you.

Believe it or not…

Believe it or not, but positive thinking people run the world. They are more likely to graduate from a university, have more interesting jobs, have more bright events in life, feel more self-confident, are more creative, healthy, and even have stronger immune systems.

1.2 Try to guess the missing words.


1.3 Listen to the radio program and check the previous exercise.

P = presenter, C = callers (5) (John, June, Poul, Piper, Daniel)

P: Our first caller this morning is John. Hi, John. Tell us about your tip for staying positive.
C: l Hi. Well, I think the most important thing is to live in the present and not in the past. Don’t think about the fails you had in the past. You can’t change them. Moreover, one shouldn’t forget that thinking about how you can do things better now is more important than thinking about the past.
P: Thank you, John. And now we have another caller. Tell your name, please.
C2: Hi, my name’s June. Positive thinking is my tip. I don’t let the negative ones live in my head. Of course, all of us sometimes have negative thoughts, but we need to learn ourselves to change them into positive ones. For example: if you have an interview tomorrow and you start thinking “I will fail this interview”, then you’ll definitely fail it. That is why you need to shift that negative thought to a positive one. Just think to yourself “I’ll do my best! It will be the best interview ever!” It always works in my life, so, hope it’ll help you!
P: Thank you, June. And our next caller is Poul. Hi, Poul.
C3: Hi. If you want to be positive you can use my tip. I don’t spend a lot of time reading the newspapers or watching the news on TV. I noticed that they are full of bad news that makes you feel depressed. It is better for you to read a book or listen to your favorite music instead.
P: Thanks, Poul. And our next caller is Piper. Piper?
C4: Hi.
P: Hi, Piper, What’s your tip?
C4: Well, for my tip you need a pen or pencil and a notebook. You need to keep it always with you and notice all the positive moments of your life. After all read this every morning and every night before going to sleep and you’ll feel much better. It’ll help you to see how positive life is and how you’ll learn to concentrate on a positive side of the situation.
P: Thanks, Piper. And our last call is from Daniel. Hi, Daniel. We’re listening.
C5: Hello. My tip is not very difficult and it needs no special devices, just practise as much as you can. Try to use positive language when you talk to people. Say compliments to unknown people, if you see they are sad. Use a few jokes or just good words when you speak with your colleagues. You’ll see how such easy things will change your life!
P: Thank you, Daniel. Well, that’s all we’ve got time for. A big thank you for your tips and calls. Until next week then, think positive and goodbye.


1.4 Listen to the audio one more time and try to remember some extra information. Which of the tips you’ve heard are the most useful for you? Which one don’t you like? Do you have any tips of your own?


1.5 Answer the questions. Use the phrases from the box to explain why you think so.

Do you think …

– you’ll have a nice evening tomorrow?
– you’ll be a millionaire?
– you’ll get a good (or better) house (or flat) in the future?
– you’ll get an unexpectedly good news from someone tonight?
– you’ll visit some new countries on your next holiday?


Useful phrases:

I hope so / I hope not

I doubt it

I think so. I don’t think so.

Moreover

Homework

pic12_GE|Ad|Adv|L2

1.1 Choose the correct sentence.


1.2 Rearrange the words and complete the sentences.


1.3 Match the words with their correct meaning.

Урок Homework Курс
  • Warm-up
  • Vocabulary
  • Grammar
  • Pronunciation
  • Reading
  • Listening and Speaking
  • Homework
  1. 1. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|1. Where are you from?
  2. 2. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|2. Describing people
  3. 3. GE|Adults| Pre-Intermediate|3. Things you wear. Prepositions of place. Clothes
  4. 4. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|4. How did you spend your holidays?
  5. 5. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|5. Historical events
  6. 6. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|6. How to tell a good story?
  7. 7. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|7. What are you going to do?
  8. 8. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|8. Old friends
  9. 9. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|9. Can you explain it in English? Words-helpers
  10. 10. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|10. Annoying habits
  11. 11. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|11. Going shopping
  12. 12. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|12. Good weekend vs bad weekend. At the weekend
  13. 13. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|13. Life in metropolises
  14. 14. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|14. Describing a town (city)
  15. 15. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|15. Are you a healthy person?
  16. 16. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|16. Pessimist vs Optimist. Choose your side
  17. 17. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|17. Speak low, if you speak 'Love'
  18. 18. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|18. Every great dream begins with a dreamer
  19. 19. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|19. I told her: my house is your house. So she sold it
  20. 20. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|20. To do what you like is freedom...
  21. 21. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|21. You don't have to be great to start...
  22. 22. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 1: Check into the hotel
  23. 23. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 2: Going to a restaurant
  24. 24. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 3: In the shopping centre
  25. 25. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 4: At the pharmacy
  26. 26. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Revise and Check 1-4
  27. 27. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Revise and Check 5-8
  28. 28. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Revise and Check 9-13