GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|16. Pessimist vs Optimist. Choose your side
1.1 Look at these pictures and answer the questions.
1.2 Answer the questions.
1. Do you agree with these expressions?
2. Do you have an optimistic view?
3. Do you know someone with opposite views?
How to say it
- If I’m not mistaken…
- I agree/disagree…
- It depends
- The thing is…
1.1 Look at the flashcards and guess the verbs and their opposite meaning. Then turn to see the solution.
2.1 Choose and mark the right answer.
2.2 Do a mini-quiz. It can help you to decide if you lean towards pessimism or optimism.
1. Do you think that most things that happen in your life are your fault?
2. Do you have «all or nothing» thinking?
3. Do problems become catastrophes?
4. Are you a perfectionist?
5. Will you be shy when someone gives you a compliment?
6. Will you look for the approval and opinion of others before doing something?
7. Do you focus on the negative things?
Issues and problems. Do you know the difference?
An issue is much softer than a problem and has a readily solution. Mostly an issue causes personal annoyance.
A problem is life altering, temporarily or permanently. They can cause others to be affected. A «problem» is something bad that you have to deal with.
It is possible to use contractions in both positive and negative sentences.
With positive contractions WILL becomes ‘LL and is joined to the subject:
I will -> I’ll
You will -> you’ll
He will -> he’ll
When we think or believe something about the future we use will or won’t. (Prediction)
This can be based on personal judgement or opinion.
— I think it will snow later so take your gloves with you.
— I think you will find the meeting interesting.
Notice how often you use «I think…» before the subject + will.
In the negative, we add NOT to the end of WILL (= will not)
With negative contractions, will not becomes won’t:
I will not -> I won’t
You will not -> you won’t
He will not -> he won’t
2.1 To be going to.
We use “to be going to…” to predict the nearest future or seem sure to happen. Such predictions are based on present evidence:
1. I‘m going to paint.
2. Look at the clouds; it‘s going to snow.
3. My mother is going to have a baby.
3.1 Put the verbs into the correct form using will/won’t.
4.1 Look at the pictures and try to make a prediction.
1.1 Listen and repeat the phrases. Copy the rhythm.
1.2 Listen to the sentences. Can you hear the difference?
1.3 Listen and write six sentences. Use the contractions.
1.4 Imagine now that you are a pessimist. Make negative predictions to respond to the You say phrases.
1.1 Do you have a pessimistic or an optimistic view about the future of our planet? Don’t you think that the author of this article is too optimistic about our future?
1.2 Read this text and work with the exercises below.
Future in space
Some day people will live in space. By the end of the century there will be permanent settlements that will allow people to lead a normal life in space. Hundreds of astronauts are going to work and live in the space station, which will take ten years to build.
In some way, living on the moon will be easier than living on a space station. And it will be cheaper because people won’t bring everything from the earth by rockets.The space city will be like a gigantic glass wheel that will contain buildings, forms, factories and special meeting-places. Inside it, people won’t live differently from small towns on Earth. It will have air so that inhabitants can breathe, and they won’t need to wear special space-suits inside the buildings.
Scientists also believe that they will obtain water from a large ice lake on the moon. People won’t have to do housework because robots will do that for them. Food won’t be a problem, as settlers won’t need to eat. Instead, they will take a pill three times a day!
The first group of astronauts will live on the moon for six months and then they will return to earth and another group will travel. This will be repeated until the first settlers can establish permanently in the new city. Life on the moon will only be the beginning. We hope they will use the knowledge we get there to plan expeditions to Mars, Mercury and even Pluto.
From Teens Club, Lina Alvarado
Wordlist (turn to see the translation):
1.3 Read the text and answer these questions:
1. How will people live in space?
2. How long will each group will stay in the space city?
3. When will people be permanently on the moon?
4. Where will people take water from?
5. What is life in space going to be like?
1.4 Read the text again. Decide if these sentences are true or false. Correct the false ones.
Listening and Speaking
1.1 Listen to the introduction of a radio program. Try to tell why positive thinking is good for you.
Believe it or not…
1.2 Try to guess the missing words.
1.3 Listen to the radio program and check the previous exercise.
1.4 Listen to the audio one more time and try to remember some extra information. Which of the tips you’ve heard are the most useful for you? Which one don’t you like? Do you have any tips of your own?
1.5 Answer the questions. Use the phrases from the box to explain why you think so.
Do you think …
– you’ll have a nice evening tomorrow?
– you’ll be a millionaire?
– you’ll get a good (or better) house (or flat) in the future?
– you’ll get an unexpectedly good news from someone tonight?
– you’ll visit some new countries on your next holiday?
I hope so / I hope not
I doubt it
I think so. I don’t think so.
1.1 Choose the correct sentence.
1.2 Rearrange the words and complete the sentences.
1.3 Match the words with their correct meaning.
- Listening and Speaking
- 1. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|1. Where are you from?
- 2. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|2. Describing people
- 3. GE|Adults| Pre-Intermediate|3. Things you wear. Prepositions of place. Clothes
- 4. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|4. How did you spend your holidays?
- 5. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|5. Historical events
- 6. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|6. How to tell a good story?
- 7. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|7. What are you going to do?
- 8. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|8. Old friends
- 9. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|9. Can you explain it in English? Words-helpers
- 10. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|10. Annoying habits
- 11. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|11. Going shopping
- 12. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|12. Good weekend vs bad weekend. At the weekend
- 13. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|13. Life in metropolises
- 14. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|14. Describing a town (city)
- 15. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|15. Are you a healthy person?
- 16. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|16. Pessimist vs Optimist. Choose your side
- 17. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|17. Speak low, if you speak 'Love'
- 18. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|18. Every great dream begins with a dreamer
- 19. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|19. I told her: my house is your house. So she sold it
- 20. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|20. To do what you like is freedom...
- 21. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|21. You don't have to be great to start...
- 22. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 1: Check into the hotel
- 23. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 2: Going to a restaurant
- 24. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 3: In the shopping centre
- 25. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 4: At the pharmacy
- 26. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Revise and Check 1-4
- 27. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Revise and Check 5-8
- 28. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Revise and Check 9-13