GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|14. Describing a town (city)

Warm-up

 

1.1 Answer the questions.

pic7_GE|Upper-Int|L4


1. What time do you usually go to sleep/ wake up?

2. How many hours do you need to relax?

3. Is it enough for you 24 hours per day?

Grammar

1.1 Match the photos and cities. Which countries are the cities in? What are they famous for? Have you been to any of them?


2.1 Read the article and complete it with the cities from the previous exercise.

The World’s Best Cities to Live In 2018


2.2 Which city of the list would you like to live in?


2.3 Look at the hold superlative adjectives in the survey. How do you make the superlative of…?

Interesting fact

Use the + superlative adjective to say which is the biggest, etc. in a group.

After superlatives we use in + names of places or singular words for groups of people, e.g.:
It’s the noisiest city in the world.

We often use the + superlative adjective with the Present Perfect+ ever, e.g.:

Bad – worse – the worst

far – further – the furthest

Additional grammar notes

* Remind Sts that the rules for making superlatives are similar to comparatives, but adding -est instead of -er, or using most instead of more. Remind to use the before superlatives.

* Sts sometimes use comparatives where they should use superlatives. Typical mistake: the more expensive city in Europe, etc.

* Highlight that Sts must always think if they are comparing two things (comparative), or more than two (superlative) when deciding which form to use,
e.g. The most beautiful city I’ve ever been to.

* Some languages use never (not ever) in this structure. Typical mistake: The most beautiful city I’ve never been to.

* Adverbs can also be used in the superlative, e.g. He drives the fastest.


Mark the correct adjectives.

Pronunciation

1.1 Where is the stressed syllable in the bold adjectives?

pic7_Upper-Int|L15

1. What’s the most interesting country you have been to?

2. What subject are/were you worst at school?

3. What is the tallest building you have been in?

4. Who is the strangest person you have met?

5. What is the greatest problem in the world today?

6. What is the most difficult thing about studying English?

7. What is the best song ever?


1.2 Listen and check. Listen again and repeat the questions. Copy the rhythm. Which words are stressed?

What’s the most…?

1. What’s the most interesting country you have been to?
2. What subject are/were you worst at school?
3. What is the tallest building you have been in?
4. Who is the strangest person you have met?
5. What is the greatest problem in the world today?
6. What is the most difficult thing about studying English?
7. What is the best song ever?

Reading and Speaking

1.1 Read the article. Answer the questions.

pic2_GE_Pre-Int_14

The Secret City

Shun Akiba, a Japanese journalist, believes that underneath Tokyo is a very big and old secret. In his book, “Imperial City Tokyo: Secrets of a Hidden Underground Network”, he claims that there is a large secret city below Tokyo which the Japanese public does not know about.
Akiba worked as a respected television journalist for many years. He worked for Asahi TV and reported about foreign conflicts and wars. He was in Panama in 1989 during the US invasion, and in 1991, he reported on the first Gulf War in Iraq and Kuwait. However, perhaps because of his controversial ideas about a secret underground city in Tokyo, he has had difficulty finding work.
Akiba still believes there is evidence of a secret city under Tokyo. He first started believing in the secret city when he found an old subway map of Tokyo in a used book store. To his surprise, it showed subway lines in different places than in current maps, especially near the neighborhood ward of Nagata-cho.
When he asked construction companies and engineers about these different maps, no one would answer him. Some of the people even got angry at him for asking questions. As he examined different maps of this area and compared them with the current maps, he found even more problems and strange differences. There was even evidence of government money that went to building a new subway line that was already built!
He also says that if you ride the Ginza subway line from Suehirocho to Kanda, there are many mysterious tunnels. None of these tunnels are shown on any maps. Furthermore, some buildings near this area, such as a government library, have large and deep basements but no one is allowed to visit these.
Akiba believes that the secret city was built so that important members in the government could flee to safety during an attack on Japan or in the case of a large disaster. Despite Akiba’s interesting theory, however, he has still not found any answers to his questions.


1. Where does Shun Akiba come from?
2. When did Shun Akiba work in Panama?
3. When did Shun Akiba initially start to believe in the existence of a secret city under Tokyo?

Listening

1.1 Listen to 4 tips. Guess what country is mentioned.

pic3_GE_Pre-Int_14

Tips

1. Visit between October and April.
This country only has two seasons — hot and hotter. The months between October and April, known as the winter season, bring blue skies and perfect beach weather to the city. It’s also the rainy season, but typically rain showers don’t last too long so don’t let this factor affect your travel dates.

2. Show respect during Ramadan.
If you visit during the holy month of Ramadan, celebrated during the ninth month of the 12-month Islamic calendar, respect the Muslims and their practice of fasting. This means you can’t eat, drink or smoke in public in front of them between sunrise and sunset.

3. Dress modestly
As you pack your vacation wardrobe, think conservative over revealing and flashy. Women’s clothing is considered indecent if it’s too short, tight or transparent, while men should never walk around without a shirt on. Dress modestly to avoid unwanted attention and respect the Muslim culture.

4. Ask permission before taking pictures
Never take a picture of or with a stranger without their permission, unless you’re taking a scenic shot in a major touristy area. But never take a picture of a Muslim woman without her permission, and don’t take photos of any government buildings, airports, military installations, etc.


1.2 Listen again and complete the sentences.


2.1 Think about one country and describe its distinctive features.

Vocabulary

1.1 Answer these questions about your place.

1. Do you live in a village, a town, or a city?
2. Where are you from?
3. Where is it situated?
4. Is it big or small?
5. What’s your hometown like?
6. What’s the population?

DESCRIBING A TOWN OR CITY

WHERE IS IT? HOW BIG IS IT?


2.1 Look at the map. Then read the description of London and mark the correct words or phrases.



WHAT’S IT LIKE?

3.1 Fill in the gaps with the given adjectives.


3.2 Match these adjectives with their opposites.


3.3 Listen and check your pronunciation.

boring – funny
crowded – empty
dangerous – safe
modern – old
noisy – quiet
polluted – clean

1. There is a loud music out there. – noisy
2. It has a negative effect on natural elements that are an absolute need for life to exist on earth, such as water and air. – polluted
3 There were too many people at the concert. – crowded
4 The car was made 2 months ago. – modern
5 The film was awful. I couldn’t watch it anymore. – boring
6 Be careful ! The traffic is so crazy! – dangerous

WHAT IS THERE TO SEE?


4.1 Write the words in the right column.

museum / cathedral / temple / mosque / statue / town hall / church / shopping centre / department store / castle / palace / market


4.2 Listen and repeat. Check your pronunciation.

Buildings and places

Religious buildings: cathedral, church, mosque, temple.
Places where you can buy things: department store, market, shopping center.
Historic buildings and monuments: castle, museum, palace, statue, town hall.

4.3 Which of the places from the previous exercise are there / aren’t there in your city?

Writing

1.1 Write a description of the place where you live answering these questions:

1. Where do you live? Where is it? How big is it?
2. What’s your home town like? What is there to see?
3. What’s the weather like?
4. What’s it famous for?
5. What’s the best thing about it? Do you like living there?

pic5_GE_Pre-Int_14


Homework

Grammar

1.1 Choose correct variant.


1.2 Write down comparative and superlative forms of these adjectives.

Example:

bad — worse — the worst

expensive — more expensive — the most expensive


Vocabulary

1.3 Complete the description of Monaco.



1.4 Write the opposite adjectives.


1.5 Learn these words and phrases:


1.6 Find the words from the grid.

Урок Homework Курс
  • Warm-up
  • Grammar
  • Pronunciation
  • Reading and Speaking
  • Listening
  • Vocabulary
  • Writing
  • Homework
  1. 1. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|1. Where are you from?
  2. 2. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|2. Describing people
  3. 3. GE|Adults| Pre-Intermediate|3. Things you wear. Prepositions of place. Clothes
  4. 4. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|4. How did you spend your holidays?
  5. 5. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|5. Historical events
  6. 6. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|6. How to tell a good story?
  7. 7. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|7. What are you going to do?
  8. 8. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|8. Old friends
  9. 9. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|9. Can you explain it in English? Words-helpers
  10. 10. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|10. Annoying habits
  11. 11. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|11. Going shopping
  12. 12. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|12. Good weekend vs bad weekend. At the weekend
  13. 13. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|13. Life in metropolises
  14. 14. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|14. Describing a town (city)
  15. 15. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|15. Are you a healthy person?
  16. 16. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|16. Pessimist vs Optimist. Choose your side
  17. 17. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|17. Speak low, if you speak 'Love'
  18. 18. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|18. Every great dream begins with a dreamer
  19. 19. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|19. I told her: my house is your house. So she sold it
  20. 20. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|20. To do what you like is freedom...
  21. 21. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|21. You don't have to be great to start...
  22. 22. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 1: Check into the hotel
  23. 23. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 2: Going to a restaurant
  24. 24. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 3: In the shopping centre
  25. 25. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 4: At the pharmacy
  26. 26. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Revise and Check 1-4
  27. 27. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Revise and Check 5-8
  28. 28. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Revise and Check 9-13