GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|13. Life in metropolises
1.1 Answer the questions.
1. Do you like travelling?
2. What countries/cities have you been to?
3. What is your favorite city? Why?
Reading / Vocabulary
1.1 Read the text. What is the best title for it?
1. Working smarter, Not harder
2. Time management tips
3. Easy ways not to waste time.
“Don’t say you don’t have enough time. You have exactly the same number of hours per day that were given to Helen Keller, Pasteur, Michelangelo, Mother Teresa, Leonardo da Vinci, Thomas Jefferson, and Albert Einstein.” ― H. Jackson Brown Jr.
It’s important that you develop effective strategies for managing your time to balance the conflicting demands of time for study, leisure, earning money and job-hunting. Fast time management skills are valuable in job-hunting, but also in many other aspects of life: from revising for examinations to working in a vacation job.
Sometimes it may seem that there isn’t enough time to do everything that you need to. This can lead to a buildup of stress. When revising for examinations, or during your final year when you have to combine the pressures of intensive study with finding time to apply for jobs good management of your time can be particularly important. How can we save our time?
Keeping a to-do List
You should have a reminder system to tell you of when you need to do what: don’t try to remember everything in your head as this is a recipe for disaster! Carry a pen and paper or organizer wherever you go. At the simplest level your reminder system could simply be to use your diary to write down the things you need to do, it will not take a lot of time. Before interviews, it’s fine to write down the questions you wish to ask on a small piece of card or notepad.
Hurry up! Set yourself specific and clearly defined goals, and make sure that these are realistic and achievable. To do this, you first need to examine your present situation! Assess what goals are important to you and what action you need to take to achieve your target.
Efficiency and effectiveness are not the same. Someone who works hard and is well organized but spends all their time on unimportant tasks may be efficient but not effective. To be effective, you need to decide what tasks are urgent and important and to focus on these. This is called prioritizing. So, try to spend your time effectively.
Organizing your time
Identify areas of your life where you are wasting time and try to reduce these. A good way to do this is to log everything you do for a week in details and then examine your record to see how you use (or misuse!) your time.
1.2 Look at the words in bold and try to explain them.
1.3 Find some time expressions in the text and say them to your teacher.
2.1 Think of these questions and try to answer them:
1. How fast do you live?
2. How quickly do you think other people talk to you?
3. Do you feel annoyed when other people are talking?
4. Are you the first person to finish at mealtimes?
5. Do you get irritable if you sit for an hour without doing anything, e.g. waiting in a queue?
6. Do you walk out of shops and restaurants if there is a big line?
1.1 Look at the following words from the text. Are they adjectives, adverbs or both? Write the words into the correct line.
hard / badly / fast / important / urgent / quickly / effectively / realistic / organized
1.2 Choose the right variant.
To compare two people, places, things or actions use:
1. comparative adjectives;
2. comparative adverbs (for actions);
3. less + adjective or adverb;
4. (not) as + adjective/ adverb + as
Good – better
Bad – worse
Far – further
Comparatives with pronouns
After comparative + ‘than’ or ’as…as’ we use an object pronoun (me, her, etc.) or a subject pronoun + auxiliary verb, e.g.
My brother’s taller than me. My brother’s taller than I am.
He’s not as intelligent as her. He’s not as intelligent as she is.
2.1 Choose and mark the right variant.
Remember! The sound [ə]
-er, and unstressed words like ‘a’, ’as’, and ’than’ have the sound [ə].
1.1 Listen and repeat the sentences. Copy the rhythm and try to get the [ə] sound right.
I’m taller than a year ago.
I study better than before.
This box is smaller than the one lost.
The tomato soup was as delicious as the mushroom soup.
1.2 Are the first two sentences true for you?
1.1 Think about how your life has changed over the last 3- 5 years.
1.2 Read the questions below and think about your answers.
1. Do you spend more or less time on these things? Why?
– working or studying
– getting to work/ University
– sitting in traffic
– waiting in a queue
– talking to friends
– meeting friends
– using your phone
– being online
– using your computer
– spending time with parents
2. Do you have more or less spare time? Why?
3. What don’t you have time for nowadays? What would you like to do in your free time?
1.1 You’re going to listen to an expert talking about how to live your life more slowly. Complete sentences with the missing words.
1.2 Are there any tips that you can use? Are there some other tips that you can add to her list?
1.1 Complete the sentences with the correct comparative form of the adjective / adverb.
1.2 Complete the sentences with these words.
1.3 Read the text.
A headache is the feeling you get when your head hurts. Headaches can range from very mild to incredibly powerful. They can last anywhere from 10 minutes to hours. Very bad headaches are called migraines. People who suffer from migraine headaches often need to take the day off from school or work and lie in bed all day.
Why do people get headaches? There are many possible causes. People who drink too much caffeine (in coffee or soft drinks, for example) or alcohol can end up with headaches. This is because these kinds of drinks take water away from the body. If the brain doesn’t have enough water, it gets smaller and pulls away from the skull. This can be extremely painful. The best way to get rid of this kind of headache is just to drink lots of water.
Tension headaches happen when the body’s muscles are too tight. When people feel stress, it is common for the muscles near the head to become tense. Tension headaches might also be caused by a lack of sleep. Some people suffer from tension headaches for only short times but for other people, these kinds of headaches are a chronic problem that happens again and again. A massage might help to stop a tension headache. If that doesn’t help, you might need to see a doctor.
Headaches can also be also be caused by much bigger health problems. For example, a head or neck injury can cause them. Headaches can also be a warning sign of a heart attack.
1.4 Choose the right variant.
- Reading / Vocabulary
- 1. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|1. Where are you from?
- 2. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|2. Describing people
- 3. GE|Adults| Pre-Intermediate|3. Things you wear. Prepositions of place. Clothes
- 4. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|4. How did you spend your holidays?
- 5. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|5. Historical events
- 6. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|6. How to tell a good story?
- 7. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|7. What are you going to do?
- 8. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|8. Old friends
- 9. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|9. Can you explain it in English? Words-helpers
- 10. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|10. Annoying habits
- 11. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|11. Going shopping
- 12. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|12. Good weekend vs bad weekend. At the weekend
- 13. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|13. Life in metropolises
- 14. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|14. Describing a town (city)
- 15. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|15. Are you a healthy person?
- 16. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|16. Pessimist vs Optimist. Choose your side
- 17. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|17. Speak low, if you speak 'Love'
- 18. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|18. Every great dream begins with a dreamer
- 19. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|19. I told her: my house is your house. So she sold it
- 20. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|20. To do what you like is freedom...
- 21. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|21. You don't have to be great to start...
- 22. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 1: Check into the hotel
- 23. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 2: Going to a restaurant
- 24. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 3: In the shopping centre
- 25. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Practical English 4: At the pharmacy
- 26. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Revise and Check 1-4
- 27. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Revise and Check 5-8
- 28. GE|Adults|Pre-Intermediate|Revise and Check 9-13