GE|Adults|Intermediate|7. A way to success

Warm-up

1.1 Look at the picture. Try to explain how you understand these words.

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1.2 What do you choose?

If you failed to succeed you will…

– give up;

– try again;

– share your problem with the help of somebody;

– find another way and do it again.

Grammar

1.1 Look at the definition of ‘be able to’. Do you know the translation of this verb? Do you know any other verbs with similar meaning?


Interesting fact

to be able to (do something) – to have the ability, opportunity, time to do something.

Will she be able to come to our party next month?


1.2 Do you know when we use ‘can’, ‘could’ or ‘be able to’? Do you know the difference between them?

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1.3 Using of can, could, be able to.



1.4 Fill in the gaps with the correct ‘to be able to’ form.


1.5 Fill in the gaps with the correct answer.

Speaking

1.1 Look at these topics. Choose four of them and think about what you could say for them. Give reasons or explanations for each one.

⦁ Something that you can do, but you’d like to do it better.
⦁ Something you think all old people should be able to do.
⦁ Something that all young people should be able to do before leaving school.
⦁ Something you finally learnt to do after a lot of effort.
⦁ Something that you would like to be able to do.
⦁ Something you are learning to do and that you hope you’ll be able to do well soon.


2.1 Here is a quote. How do you understand it? Do you agree with it? Why/Why not?

Interesting fact

«All my successes have been built on my failures.»
~ Benjamin Disraeli


3.1 Watch this video. What feeling does it cause? Does it motivate you? Do you agree that failure motivates best?

Vocabulary

1.1 Look at the picture. Fill in the gaps with ‘boring’ or ‘bored’.

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-ed and -ing adjectives

Many adjectives for feelings have two possible forms, either ending in -ed or in -ing, e.g. bored and boring.

⦁ We use the adjective ending in -ed for the person who has the feeling (I was very bored with watching that film).

⦁ We use the adjective ending in -ing for a person or situation that produces the feeling (I couldn’t watch that film it’s very boring.


1.2 Read the information box and fill in the gaps with -ed or -ing.


1.3 Answer the questions given in the previous exercise.

Reading and Speaking

1.1 Do you know anybody who is able to speak more than two languages? How did they learn? Which languages do they speak?


1.2 Here are 7 ways to say “Hello” in 7 languages. Can you match the words with their language?

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2.1 Listen to the text about studying languages and fill in the gaps. Answer the questions after the text.

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Why should I learn a language?
Learning a foreign language takes time and dedication. The reasons below may help to convince you to take the plunge, if such persuasion is needed. Some reasons are practical, some aspirational, some intellectual and others sentimental, but whatever your reasons, having a clear idea of why you’re learning a language can help to motivate you in your studies.
Emigration
When you move to a different country or region, learning the local language will help you to communicate and integrate with the local community. Even if many of the locals speak your language, for example if your first language is English and you move to the Netherlands, it’s still worth your while learning the local language. Doing so will demonstrate your interest in and commitment to the new country.
Family and friends
If your partner, in-laws, relatives or friends speak a different language, learning that language will help you to communicate with them. It can also give you a better understanding of their culture and way of thinking.
Work
If your work involves regular contact with speakers of foreign languages, being able to talk to them in their own languages will help you to communicate with them. It may also help you to make sales and to negotiate and secure contracts. Knowledge of foreign languages may also increase your chances of finding a new job, getting a promotion or a transfer overseas, or of going on foreign business trips.
Many English-speaking business people don’t bother to learn other languages because they believe that most of the people they do business with in foreign countries can speak English, and if they don’t speak English, interpreters can be used. The lack of foreign language knowledge puts the English speakers at a disadvantage. In meetings, for example, the people on the other side can discuss things amongst themselves in their own language without the English speakers understanding, and using interpreters slows everything down. In any socialising after the meetings the locals will probably feel more comfortable using their own language rather than English.
Travel
Many English speakers seem to believe that wherever you go on holiday you can get by speaking English, so there’s no point in learning any other languages. If people don’t understand you all you have to do is speak slowly and turn up the volume. You can more or less get away with this, as long as you stick to popular tourist resorts and hotels where you can usually find someone who speaks English. However, if you want to venture beyond such places, to get to know the locals, to read signs, menus, etc, knowing the local language is very useful.
A basic ability in a foreign language will help you to ‘get by’, i.e. to order food and drink, find your way around, buy tickets, etc. If you have a more advanced knowledge of the language, you can have real conversations with the people you meet, which can be very interesting and will add a new dimension to your holiday. You might make new friends, make useful business contacts, or even find your soulmate.
One language is never enough!
If like me you’re a bit of a linguaphile / glossophile / linguaholic or whatever you call someone who is fascinated by languages and enjoys learning them, then one language is never enough.


⦁ Do you know any other reasons for studying languages?
⦁ Why do you study English?
⦁ Do you study any other languages?
⦁ Is it hard to study English?
⦁ Do you agree that one language is never enough? Enough for what?


2.2 Do you know these words? Try to match them with their definitions.


3.1 Read the information box and fill in the gaps with reflexive pronouns.

Reflexive pronouns

Reflexive pronouns (myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves) are used when the object of a verb is the same as the subject, e.g.

⦁ He taught himself German. = He was his own teacher.

We also use reflexive pronouns to emphasize the subject of an action, e.g.

⦁ She did the homework herself!


Listening and Speaking

1.1 You’re going to listen to six advanced students of English giving a tip which has helped them to learn. Listen once and complete their tips.

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Tips to learn languages

Tip 1: Listen to English songs. Try to do it as often as it is possible. Learn their words and learn how to sing them. It’ll help you to understand English speech, and you’ll know a lot of new words. Also you’ll improve you pronunciation, try to imitate the way of singing. It’s a funny way of learning English but it really helps.
Tip 2: Find a vocabulary learning app for your phone. Write down all the words and phrases in your dictionary and try to remember them. Divide all the words in small parts and learn, for example, for 5-10 words per one time. When you get a quiet moment test yourself.
Tip 3: Change the language to English on all the gadgets you have. It’ll help to improve your reading skills and you’ll also learn a lot of new vocabulary, especially technology vocabulary.
Tip 4: Try to find an English-speaking boyfriend, girlfriend or just a friend. You’ll speak with him or her every day and this will really help you to improve you English quickly.
Tip 5: Do things that you like doing, but in English. If you like watching series so watch them in English. But if you don’t like, for example reading, you’ll enjoy it even less in English, and so you probably won’t learn anything.
Tip 6: Spend your holidays in an English speaking country or a country where people speak very good English. You’ll be able to practice your English. It really motivates when you come somewhere and find that people understand you and you can communicate!


1.2 Answer these questions.

1. Have you ever used any of these methods?

2. Which do you think is the best tip?

3. Which tip would you like to try?

4. What other things do you do to improve your English outside the class (e.g. visit chat websites, listen to audio books)?

5. Do you think that these tips can really help to improve your English skills?

Homework

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1.1 Choose and mark the correct answer.


2.1 Rewrite the sentences with the correct form of an adjective. If the sentence is correct, put ‘+’.


2.2 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the adjectives in brackets.


3.1 Complete the sentences with reflexive pronouns.