GE|Adults|Intermediate|5. City transportation

Warm-up

1.1 Answer these questions.

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1. Can you tell me 5 of the most popular types of transportation?

2. How often do you use taxi?

3. When do you usually use a taxi?
– when I’m in a hurry
– when there isn’t any other way to get somewhere
– when it’s raining

4. What is the taxi service like in your city?


1.2 Watch the video about city transportation in Australia. Then mark these statements as T (True) or F (False).


Vocabulary

1.1 Match the words and the pictures.

coach
motorway

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van

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coach

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tram

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the underground

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scooter

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platform

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carriage

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lorry

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van
motorway

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van

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coach

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tram

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the underground

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scooter

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platform

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carriage

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lorry

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motorway
motorway

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van

Unselect

coach

Unselect

tram

Unselect

the underground

Unselect

scooter

Unselect

platform

Unselect

carriage

Unselect

lorry

Unselect

scooter
motorway

Unselect

van

Unselect

coach

Unselect

tram

Unselect

the underground

Unselect

scooter

Unselect

platform

Unselect

carriage

Unselect

lorry

Unselect

tram
motorway

Unselect

van

Unselect

coach

Unselect

tram

Unselect

the underground

Unselect

scooter

Unselect

platform

Unselect

carriage

Unselect

lorry

Unselect

carriage
motorway

Unselect

van

Unselect

coach

Unselect

tram

Unselect

the underground

Unselect

scooter

Unselect

platform

Unselect

carriage

Unselect

lorry

Unselect

lorry
motorway

Unselect

van

Unselect

coach

Unselect

tram

Unselect

the underground

Unselect

scooter

Unselect

platform

Unselect

carriage

Unselect

lorry

Unselect

platform
motorway

Unselect

van

Unselect

coach

Unselect

tram

Unselect

the underground

Unselect

scooter

Unselect

platform

Unselect

carriage

Unselect

lorry

Unselect

the-underground
motorway

Unselect

van

Unselect

coach

Unselect

tram

Unselect

the underground

Unselect

scooter

Unselect

platform

Unselect

carriage

Unselect

lorry

Unselect


 


! Compound nouns

Compound nouns are 2 nouns together where the first noun describes the second:

a bus stop = a place where buses stop


2.1 Look at the pictures. Then write the second part of the word to form a compound noun. Use the words from the box.

Example: 1. car….——> car crash

crash camera works jam zone station belt
rank hour lights fine crossing limit lane


2.2 Listen and check your answers.

Word-combinations

1. car crash
2. traffic jam
3. petrol station
4. pedestrian zone
5. traffic lights
6. cycle lane
7. road works
8. parking fine
9. rush hour
10. seat belt
11. speed limit
12. taxi rank
13. zebra crossing
14. speed camera

How long does it take?

is used to talk about the duration of a journey:

take + person + time + to get to

⦁ It takes about an hour to get from Moscow to Saint Petersburg by plane.
⦁ It took (me) more than an hour to get home yesterday.
⦁ How long does it take (you) to get to work?


3.1 Answer the questions:

⦁ How long does it take to get to your home?
⦁ How do you get to work? How long does it take?
⦁ How often do you visit your grandmother? How long does it take to get to her village?


3.2 Fill in the gaps with these phrasal verbs:

look out / running out / set off / pick up

Reading and Listening

1.1 Listen to the text and fill in the gaps. Then mark the sentences as true (T) or false (F).

People use various means of transportation to get from one place to another. In the old days people had to travel several days, weeks and months to get to the place they needed. They either went on foot, by coaches driven by horses or on horseback or by boats and ships. Then trains, trams, cars, buses, airplanes, underground and other means appeared.
Many people like to travel by air as it is the fastest way of travelling. A lot of people like to travel by train because they can look at passing villages, forests and fields through windows. Some people like to travel by car. There they can go as slowly or as fast as they like. They can stop when and where they want.
People who live in big cities use various means of transportation to get from one place to another. Do you know what means of transportation Londoners use? Londoners use the underground railway. They call it ‘the tube’. London’s underground is the oldest in the world. It was founded in 1863.
Londoners also use buses. The first bus route was opened in London in 1904. Today there are hundreds of routes there. The interesting thing is that some of the routes are the same as many years ago. London’s buses are double-decked buses.
Londoners do not use trams, though London was the first city where trams appeared. And now it is one of the biggest cities in the world where there are no trams. The last tram left the streets of London many years ago. Londoners use cars very often. You can see a lot of cars in London streets. When Londoners leave the town, they use trains, ships or airplanes.


Mark True/False


1.2 Imagine that you arrived at the city of your dream. You are going to explore this city using the public transport. How would you do it?

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Grammar

1.1 Read these sentences. Are the highlighted phrases right or wrong? Write (+) if they’re correct or rewrite them if they’re incorrect.



2.1 Complete the sentences with comparative or superlative degree (add than if it is necessary).


2.2 Complete the sentences using only word from the box:

Speaking

1.1 Listen to the text about speeding and traffic laws and answer the following questions:

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Things to know about speeding & traffic laws

Some roadways are designated as low-speed zones. These include areas with high pedestrian traffic, such as school zones and streets lots of intersections close together. Driving over the speed limit can put you and others at risk of harm.
• Never pass a stopped bus displaying a stop sign to its left. That means children are crossing the street.
• If you hear a siren coming behind you, pull to the side if you can, stop and wait until the police car or fire truck goes by.
• Completely stop at stop signs and look for other drivers and pedestrians before you proceed.
• Obey the posted speed limit at all times. Speeding tickets are costly, and penalties for speeding can include fines, court appearances and loss or suspension of your driving privileges. Also, depending on your insurance policy, speeding tickets can raise your rates.
• When parking your vehicle, always be mindful of handicapped signs, fire hydrants, bus stop zones, parking restrictions for certain times of day, and parking spots that require permits. Just remember to heed all of the signs. Even if you have to circle the block a couple times, it sure beats getting fined or having your car towed.


1. Do you know these rules?
2. Do you always follow them?
3. Is it dangerous to break these rules?
4. Is it hard to drive a car?
5. Is it important to obey speed limit? Why?


2.1 What do you think about this statement? Do you agree or disagree with it? Why?

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Writing

1.1 Write an essay about transport of the future. Use this example:

There is no doubt, that transport plays a significant role in our everyday life. In the 17th and 18th centuries, the majority of people have never dared to think and dream about traveling farther than a few miles. A great bulk of humans, wherever they would like to go, had to reach their destinations on horseback or by carriage. Nowadays, nobody is able to imagine our modern world without different means of transport. Hundreds and thousands of people travel every day either on business or simply for pleasure. These humans have a possibility to travel by air, rails, road or by sea. Unfortunately, if supplies of oil run out in the nearest future, it will be pretty much impossible to do.
So, what will transport be like then? In any case, this topic is utterly disputable though curious. To my mind, human beings will have to tackle this obstacle by using an electric engine, for instance, and by implementing sophisticated technology, which is based on alternative energy sources. It includes wind, ocean, solar, geothermal and bio energy. It gives an opportunity to evolve compact vehicles that don’t damage the ecology of the planet. Anyway, there is no point to use vestiges of the past and rely on those old transportation forms, because they don’t meet the requirements of humanity in general.
Frankly speaking, in conclusion, I could admit, there is probably no clear–cut answer to this question, ’cause there is a variety of choices and options. Nonetheless, everyone could agree, those future ways of transportation depend on many factors like government, the welfare of one particular nation, development level etc. So many men, so many minds. Our future is a great mystery and nobody knows what will be tomorrow.

Transport of the future

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Homework

homework

1.1 Match the words with their definitions.


2.1 Complete the sentences with one word.


3.1 Dictation. Listen and write the sentences.


4.1 Write 10 sentences using degrees of comparison. Use exercises 2.1 and 3.1 as the example.