Aloha Lessons|Stephen Hawking|Upper-Intermediate


Look at the pictures and answer the questions

1. Who are the people in the pictures?

2. What unites them?

3. What are they famous for?


1. Isaac Newton discovered gravity, and the laws of motion that much of modern physics is based on.

2. Albert Einstein developed the theory of relativity, one of the foundations of modern physics. He is best known for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2. He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics «for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect», a big step in the evolution of quantum theory.

3. Jane Goodall is an expert on wild chimpanzees. She discovered a lot about their behavior – the fact that chimpanzees make tools, eat and hunt for meat, and have similar social behavior to humans. She completely changed our understanding of these animals.

4. Stephen Hawking is a world-famous British theoretical physicist, known for his discoveries in cosmology, general relativity and quantum gravity, especially in the context of black holes.

a motor neurone disease — an uncommon illness that affects the brain and nerves. It causes weakness in muscles, so that people can gradually lose the ability to speak, walk and swallow.

to glow — to shine with a soft light.

a quantum effect — an effect caused by the smallest units of energy.

zero-gravity — a state of weightlessness.

modified — specially changed.


pic1_Aloha|Hawking|Upper-Int


Watch the video and choose the correct option to answer the questions

Quantum effects cause them to glow like hot bodies with a temperature that is lower, the larger the black hole.

Match the words with their meanings

listen and write



Fill in the gaps and give an example of each thing described

Watch the video and put the things mentioned in the correct order

a prospect — something that you expect or know is going to happen in the future.

a voice synthesizer /ˈsɪnθəsaɪzə(r)/ — an electronic machine that produces and combines different sounds to imitate speech.

a condition — an illness.

to twitch — to make a sudden short movement.

an infrared beam — a line of light that cannot be seen.

to investigate — to try to find out the facts about something in order to learn the truth about it.

evidence — one or more reasons for believing that something is or is not true.

to dramatise — to make a story into a play or a film.

to unveil /ʌnˈveɪl/ — to remove the cover from something such as a statue as part of an official ceremony.


pic3_Aloha|Hawking|Upper-Int


While a student, he developed the first signs of motor neuron disease. Gradually, his body shut down, till he could communicate only using a computerized voice synthesizer, controlled, to start with, by hand. It didn’t hold him back.

Stephen Hawking: I was never actually told that I had only two years to live. But I could see the doctors didn’t think my prospects were good.

His fame sprang from his book, A Brief History of Time. It sold 10 million copies. But though many bought it, rather few actually read it. He gave lectures and interviews, and became an unlikely celebrity. He even appeared on the Simpsons.

Skinner: I don’t like your tone!

Stephen Hawking: If you are looking for trouble, you found it.

Skinner: Yeah, just try me, you — D’oh!

His private life was complicated. With his first wife Jane, he had three children, and she looked after him. Until, in 1990, he left her for his nurse Elaine. They eventually married, only for claims to emerge that Hawking had been physically abused. Police investigated, but the case was dropped for lack of evidence. The couple later divorced.

Stephen Hawking: Too often we are told that these are stupid questions to ask. But this is said by grown-ups who don’t know the answers.

He never lost his sense of humor, though by the end, he could only speak by twitching his cheek to move an infrared beam.

Stephen Hawking: I don’t have much positive to say about motor neurone disease, but it taught me not to pity myself, and to get on with what I still could do. I am happier now than before I developed that condition.

Stephen Hawking: If General Relativity’s correct, then.

Wife: Yeah.

Stephen Hawking: The universe is expanding, yes?

Wife: Yes.

Stephen Hawking: Okay, so, if you reverse time then the universe is getting smaller?

Wife: All right.

In 2014, his life was dramatized in The Theory of Everything with Eddie Redmayne playing Hawking.

Stephen Hawking: To see what happened at the beginning of time itself.

Lady: Here you are.

At Cambridge, they unveiled a statue of him. A rare honour for someone still living. But few did more to transform our understanding of the universe and to overcome personal challenges.



Watch the video again and choose if the statements are True or False

While a student, he developed the first signs of motor neuron disease. Gradually, his body shut down, till he could communicate only using a computerized voice synthesizer, controlled, to start with, by hand. It didn’t hold him back.

Stephen Hawking: I was never actually told that I had only two years to live. But I could see the doctors didn’t think my prospects were good.

His fame sprang from his book, A Brief History of Time. It sold 10 million copies. But though many bought it, rather few actually read it. He gave lectures and interviews, and became an unlikely celebrity. He even appeared on the Simpsons.

Skinner: I don’t like your tone!

Stephen Hawking: If you are looking for trouble, you found it.

Skinner: Yeah, just try me, you — D’oh!

His private life was complicated. With his first wife Jane, he had three children, and she looked after him. Until, in 1990, he left her for his nurse Elaine. They eventually married, only for claims to emerge that Hawking had been physically abused. Police investigated, but the case was dropped for lack of evidence. The couple later divorced.

Stephen Hawking: Too often we are told that these are stupid questions to ask. But this is said by grown-ups who don’t know the answers.

He never lost his sense of humor, though by the end, he could only speak by twitching his cheek to move an infrared beam.

Stephen Hawking: I don’t have much positive to say about motor neurone disease, but it taught me not to pity myself, and to get on with what I still could do. I am happier now than before I developed that condition.

Stephen Hawking: If General Relativity’s correct, then.

Wife: Yeah.

Stephen Hawking: The universe is expanding, yes?

Wife: Yes.

Stephen Hawking: Okay, so, if you reverse time then the universe is getting smaller?

Wife: All right.

In 2014, his life was dramatized in The Theory of Everything with Eddie Redmayne playing Hawking.

Stephen Hawking: To see what happened at the beginning of time itself.

Lady: Here you are.

At Cambridge, they unveiled a statue of him. A rare honour for someone still living. But few did more to transform our understanding of the universe and to overcome personal challenges.


Let’s take a quiz and find out what scientist you are most similar to.

polonium and radium — chemical elements.

a horse-drawn wagon — a carriage pulled by horses.

to run over — to hit someone with a vehicle and drive over them.

an X-ray machine — a piece of equipment that makes pictures of the bones or organs inside someone’s body.

to treat — to make an ill person feel better.

leukemia /luːˈkiːmiə/ — a type of cancer affecting your blood.

marine /məˈriːn/ — relating to the sea and creatures that live in it.

the unconscious /ʌnˈkɒnʃəs/ — the part of your mind that contains thoughts and feelings that you do not realise that you have.

a neurologist /njʊˈrɒlədʒist/ — a doctor who is an expert in the nervous system.

a contribution — something that you do that helps to achieve something or to make it successful.

a jaw /dʒɔː/ — the lower part of your face that includes your chin and your bottom teeth.

to interrogate /ɪnˈterəɡeɪt/ — to ask someone, for example a prisoner or criminal, a lot of questions in an angry or threatening way, in order to get information.


pic5_Aloha|Upper_int|Hawking


Complete the sentences using the information from the card you got as a result of the quiz

  • The fact that… could hold him/her back from doing scientific work.
  • His/her ideas sprang from…
  • He/she overcame such difficulties as…
  • The honour to them was shown by the fact that…

pic6_Aloha|Upper_int|Hawking

🔹was born in Warsaw, Poland, in 1867.
🔹received her doctorate in physics from the University of Paris.
🔹the discovery of X-rays by Wilhelm Roentgen inspired her to study what was later called «radioactivity».
🔹Marie and Pierre Curie and Henri Becquerel shared the Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of radioactivity.
🔹Pierre was killed when a horse-drawn wagon ran over him in a busy Paris street.
🔹The University of Paris selected Marie Curie to become the professor of physics instead of her husband, and she became the university’s first female professor.
🔹French Academy of Sciences refused to grant Curie membership because she was a woman.
🔹She received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the discovery of radium and polonium.
🔹World War I began; Curie began setting up a network of portable and hospital-based X-ray machines to treat soldiers.
🔹World War I ended; Curie officially opened the Radium Institute of the University of Paris.
🔹Curie died of leukemia caused by radiation poisoning in 1934.

pic7_Aloha|Upper_int|Hawking

🔹born in Shrewsbury, England, in 1809. His father was a doctor.
🔹Birds’ eggs and sea shells, beetles and coins, moths and minerals — as a child, Charles Darwin collected all of these and more.
🔹took a rather dangerous Voyage on board the ship called «Beagle», which included sailing to South America for documentation of the creatures found there.
🔹developed and published the theory of Natural Selection, although many people did not believe in it and strongly criticised him.
🔹was presented the Copley medal, the highest scientific award of the Royal Society of London. Died in 1882.

pic8_Aloha|Upper_int|Hawking

🔹born in Freiberg, Moravia, now part of the Czech Republic, in 1856.
🔹father’s business failed, the Freud family moves to Vienna, Austria.
🔹Freud’s interest in the unconscious was influenced by his work as neurologist.
🔹was diagnosed with jaw cancer, but continued working.
🔹was awarded the Goethe Prize for his contribution to psychology and to German literary culture.
🔹The Nazis publicly burned some of Freud’s books because he was Jewish.
🔹Youngest daughter Anna Freud was arrested and interrogated by the Gestapo, so Freud moved to London with his wife and Anna to escape the Nazis. Died in 1939.

pic10_Eng_Murd|Aloha|Elementary


Now you can:

🔹understand news reports about famous people;

🔹talk about the life of a famous person.


Wordlist|Aloha|Stephen Hawking

pic9_Aloha|Upper-Int|Hawking


Match the sentence halves

GE_Beg_22_6


Complete the sentences with the words from the list

pic10_Aloha|Upper-Int|Hawking


Complete the sentences with the correct words

Урок Homework Курс
  • What are they famous for?
  • Five facts about Hawking
  • Vocabulary from the video
  • Hawking's personal university
  • Which one are you?
  • What I can do
  • Half and half
  • Missing pieces
  • Words, words
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