Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|45. Quick/quickly, hard/hardly

Look at these examples:

1. Our holiday was too short — the time passed very quickly.

2. Two people were seriously injured in the accident.


Quickly and seriously are adverbs. Many adverbs are formed from an adjective + -ly:

adjective: quick serious careful quiet heavy bad
adverb: quickly seriously carefully quietly heavily badly

Not all words ending in -ly are adverbs. Some adjectives end in -ly too, for example:

friendly, lively, elderly, lonely, silly, lovely


If an adjective ends in -e, we keep e before -ly in the adverb:

  • polite/politely
  • extreme/extremely
  • absolute/absolutely

If an adjective ends in -le (simple, terrible etc.), the adverb ending is -ply, -bly etc.:

  • simple/simply
  • terrible/terribly
  • reasonable/reasonably

Read the rules

Adjectives and Adverbs 1 (Quick or Quickly)

Adjective or adverb?

Adjectives (quick/careful etc.) tell us about a noun (somebody or something). We use adjectives before nouns:

  • Sam is a careful driver. (not a carefully driver)
  • We didn’t go out because of the heavy rain.

Adverbs (quickly/carefully etc.) tell us about a verb (how somebody does something or how something happens):

  • Sam drove carefully along the narrow road. (not drove careful)
  • We didn’t go out because it was raining heavily. (not raining heavy)

Compare:

  • She speaks perfect English.

adjective + noun

  • She speaks English perfectly.

verb + noun + adverb


We also use adjectives after some verbs, especially be, and also look/feel/sound etc. Compare:

  • Please be quiet.
  • I was disappointed that my exam results were so bad.
  • Why do you always look so serious?
  • I feel happy.

  • Please speak quietly.
  • I was unhappy that I did so badly in the exam. (not did so bad)
  • Why do you never take me seriously?
  • The children were playing happily.

Read the rules

Adjectives and Adverbs 1 (Quick or Quickly)

We also use adverbs before adjectives and other adverbs. For example:

reasonably cheap (adverb + adjective)
terribly sorry (adverb + adjective)
incredibly quickly (adverb + adverb)

  • It’s a reasonably cheap restaurant and the food is extremely good.
  • I’m terribly sorry. I didn’t mean to push you. (not terrible sorry)
  • Maria learns languages incredibly quickly.
  • The exam was surprisingly easy.

You can also use an adverb before a past participle (injured/organised/written etc.):

  • Two people were seriously injured in the accident. (not serious injured)
  • The meeting was very badly organised.

Read the rules

Adverb With and Without «-ly»

Good / well

Good is an adjective. The adverb is well:

  • Your English is good. but You speak English well.
  • Susan is a good pianist. but Susan plays the piano well.

We use well (not good) with past participles (dressed / known etc.):

well-dressed well-known well-educated well-paid

  • Gary’s father is a well-known writer.

But well is also an adjective with the meaning «in good health»:

  • «How are you today?» «I’m very well, thanks.»

Read the rules

Adverb With and Without «-ly»

Fast / hard / late

These words are both adjectives and adverbs:

adjective

  • Darren is a very fast runner.
  • Kate is a hard worker.
  • I was late.

adverb

  • Darren can run very fast.
  • Kate works hard. (not works hardly)
  • I got up late this morning.

Lately = recently:

  • Have you seen Tom lately?
pic1_Adults|Grammar|Int|L45
There’s hardly anything in the fridge.

Read the rules

Adverb With and Without «-ly»

Hardly

Hardly = very little, almost not. Study these examples:

  • Sarah wasn’t very friendly at the party. She hardly spoke to me.
    (= she spoke to me very little, almost not at all)
  • We’ve only met once or twice. We hardly know each other.

Hard and hardly are different. Compare:

  • He tried hard to find a job, but he had no luck. (= he tried a lot, with a lot of effort)
  • I’m not surprised he didn’t find a job. He hardly tried to find one. (= he tried very little)

I can hardly do something = it’s very difficult for me, almost impossible:

  • Your writing is terrible. I can hardly read it. (= it is almost impossible to read it)
  • My leg was hurting me. I could hardly walk.

pic1_Adults|Grammar|Int|L14


Complete each sentence with an adverb. The first letters of the adverb are given.

Choose the correct word

Complete each sentence using a word from the box. Sometimes you need the adjective (careful etc.) and sometimes the adverb (carefully etc.).

pic2_Spoken|Int|L8


Choose two words (one from each box) to complete each sentence

badly, unnecessarily, seriously, slightly, completely, absolutely, unusually
changed, cheap, damaged, enormous, ill, long, planned, quiet

Put in good or well

Complete these sentences using well + the following words:

pic9_Adults|Grammar|El|L35


Complete the sentences. Use hardly + the following verbs (in the correct form):

pic2_Spoken|Pre-Int|L12


Complete these sentences with hardly + any/anybody/anything/anywhere/ever

If you open the lesson plan you will be able to assign separate pages as homework or all the homework pages at once.

Урок Homework Курс
  • Adverbs
  • Adjective or adverb?
  • Reasonably cheap
  • Good / well
  • Fast / hard / late
  • Hardly
  • Heavily
  • Serious / seriously
  • Quickly
  • Reasonably
  • Good or well
  • They were well-behaved
  • Hardly
  • Complete the sentences
  • Homework