Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|36. Verb + to Infinitive
Read the rules
offer, decide, hope, deserve, promise, agree, plan, manage, afford, threaten, refuse, arrange, fail, forget, learn
After these verbs you can use to… (infinitive):
1. It was late, so we decided to take a taxi home.
2. Simon was in a difficult situation, so I agreed to help him.
3. How old were you when you learnt to drive? (or learnt how to drive)
4. I waved to Karen, but failed to attract her attention.
The negative is not to… :
1. We decided not to go out because of the weather.
2. I promised not to be late.
After some verbs to… is not possible. For example, enjoy/think/suggest:
1. I enjoy reading. (not enjoy to read)
2. Tom suggested going to the cinema. (not suggested to go)
3. Are you thinking of buying a car? (not thinking to buy)
Read the rules
We also use to… after:
seem, appear, tend, pretend, claim
1. They seem to have plenty of money.
2. I like Dan, but I think he tends to talk too much.
3. Ann pretended not to see me when she passed me in the street.
There is also a continuous infinitive (to be doing) and a perfect infinitive (to have done):
1. I pretended to be reading the newspaper. (= I pretended that I was reading)
2. You seem to have lost weight. (= it seems that you have lost weight)
3. Martin seems to be enjoying his new job. (= it seems that he is enjoying it)
Read the rules
After dare you can use the infinitive with or without to:
- I wouldn’t dare to tell him. or I wouldn’t dare tell him.
But after dare not (or daren’t), you must use the infinitive without to:
- I daren’t tell him what happened. (not I daren’t to tell him)
Read the rules
After some verbs you can use a question word (what/whether/how etc.) + to… . We use this structure especially after:
ask, decide, know, remember, forget, explain, learn, understand, wonder
|We asked||how||to get||to the station.|
|Have you decided||where||to go||for your holidays?|
|I don’t know||whether||to apply||for the job or not.|
|Do you understand||what||to do?|
Also show/tell/ask/advise/teach somebody what/how/where to do something:
1. Can somebody show me how to change the memory card in this camera?
2. Ask Jack. He’ll tell you what to do.
Complete the sentences for these situations
Complete each sentence with a suitable verb from the list. There are four extra verbs you don’t need to use
Put the verb into the correct form, to… or -ing
Make a new sentence using the verb in brackets
Complete each sentence using what/how/whether + the following verbs:
ride, go, say, do, use
If you open the lesson plan you will be able to assign separate pages as homework or all the homework pages at once.
- They seem to have plenty of money
- Read the rules
- They decided to get married
- Suitable verb
- To...or -ing
- You've lost weight
- What / how / whether
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|1. I am doing and I do
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|2. I am doing and I do
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|3. I did
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|4. I was doing
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|5. I have done
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|6. I have done 2
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|7. I have been doing
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|8. I've been doing / I've done
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|9. How long have you (been)...?
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|10. For/since; When/How long?
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|11. I have done and I did
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|12. I have done and I did 2
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|13. I had done
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|14. I had been doing
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|15. The future: I am doing / I do
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|16. I will and I'm going to
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|17. Future: Continuous/Perfect
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|18. Conditional I
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|19. Can, could and (be) able to
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|20. Have to and must
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|21. If I do... and If I did...
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|22. If I knew... I wish I knew...
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|23. Conditional III
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|24. Wish
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|25. Is done / was done
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|26. Be/been/being + done
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|27. Passive 3
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|28. Passive: He is said to...
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|29. Have something done
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|30. He said that...
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|31. Say and Tell
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|32. Do you know where..?
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|33. Auxiliary verbs; so/neither
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|34. Do you? Isn't it? etc.
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|35. Gerund
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|36. Verb + to Infinitive
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|37. Verb + Object + to Infinitive
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|38. -ing or to: change in meaning
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|39. Try/Need/Help: -ing or to
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|40. Like / Would like: -ing or to
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|41. Some/any/no/none
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|42. Much/many/few/little
- Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|43. Both/either/neither/all/every