Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|36. Verb + to Infinitive

Read the rules

offer, decide, hope, deserve, promise, agree, plan, manage, afford, threaten, refuse, arrange, fail, forget, learn

After these verbs you can use to(infinitive):

1. It was late, so we decided to take a taxi home.

2. Simon was in a difficult situation, so I agreed to help him.

3. How old were you when you learnt to drive? (or learnt how to drive)

4. I waved to Karen, but failed to attract her attention.

The negative is not to… :

1. We decided not to go out because of the weather.

2. I promised not to be late.

After some verbs to… is not possible. For example, enjoy/think/suggest:

1. I enjoy reading. (not enjoy to read)

2. Tom suggested going to the cinema. (not suggested to go)

3. Are you thinking of buying a car? (not thinking to buy)

Read the rules

We also use to… after:

seem, appear, tend, pretend, claim

For example:

1. They seem to have plenty of money.

2. I like Dan, but I think he tends to talk too much.

3. Ann pretended not to see me when she passed me in the street.

There is also a continuous infinitive (to be doing) and a perfect infinitive (to have done):

1. I pretended to be reading the newspaper. (= I pretended that I was reading)

2. You seem to have lost weight. (= it seems that you have lost weight)

3. Martin seems to be enjoying his new job. (= it seems that he is enjoying it)

Read the rules

After dare you can use the infinitive with or without to:

  • I wouldn’t dare to tell him. or I wouldn’t dare tell him.

But after dare not (or daren’t), you must use the infinitive without to:

  • I daren’t tell him what happened. (not I daren’t to tell him)

Read the rules

After some verbs you can use a question word (what/whether/how etc.) + to… . We use this structure especially after:

ask, decide, know, remember, forget, explain, learn, understand, wonder

We asked how to get to the station.
Have you decided where to go for your holidays?
I don’t know whether to apply for the job or not.
Do you understand what to do?

Also show/tell/ask/advise/teach somebody what/how/where to do something:

1. Can somebody show me how to change the memory card in this camera?

2. Ask Jack. He’ll tell you what to do.


Complete the sentences for these situations


Complete each sentence with a suitable verb from the list. There are four extra verbs you don’t need to use

Put the verb into the correct form, to… or -ing


Make a new sentence using the verb in brackets

Complete each sentence using what/how/whether + the following verbs:

ride, go, say, do, use

If you open the lesson plan you will be able to assign separate pages as homework or all the homework pages at once.

Урок Homework Курс
  • To...
  • They seem to have plenty of money
  • Read the rules
  • They decided to get married
  • Suitable verb
  • To...or -ing
  • You've lost weight
  • What / how / whether
  • Homework
  1. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|1. I am doing and I do
  2. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|2. I am doing and I do
  3. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|3. I did
  4. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|4. I was doing
  5. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|5. I have done
  6. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|6. I have done 2
  7. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|7. I have been doing
  8. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|8. I've been doing / I've done
  9. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|9. How long have you (been)...?
  10. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|10. For/since; When/How long?
  11. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|11. I have done and I did
  12. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|12. I have done and I did 2
  13. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|13. I had done
  14. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|14. I had been doing
  15. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|15. The future: I am doing / I do
  16. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|16. I will and I'm going to
  17. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|17. Future: Continuous/Perfect
  18. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|18. Conditional I
  19. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|19. Can, could and (be) able to
  20. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|20. Have to and must
  21. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|21. If I do... and If I did...
  22. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|22. If I knew... I wish I knew...
  23. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|23. Conditional III
  24. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|24. Wish
  25. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|25. Is done / was done
  26. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|26. Be/been/being + done
  27. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|27. Passive 3
  28. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|28. Passive: He is said to...
  29. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|29. Have something done
  30. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|30. He said that...
  31. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|31. Say and Tell
  32. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|32. Do you know where..?
  33. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|33. Auxiliary verbs; so/neither
  34. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|34. Do you? Isn't it? etc.
  35. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|35. Gerund
  36. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|36. Verb + to Infinitive
  37. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|37. Verb + Object + to Infinitive
  38. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|38. -ing or to: change in meaning
  39. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|39. Try/Need/Help: -ing or to
  40. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|40. Like / Would like: -ing or to
  41. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|41. Some/any/no/none
  42. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|42. Much/many/few/little
  43. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|43. Both/either/neither/all/every