Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|14. I had been doing


Study this example situation:

Past Perfect Continuous

yesterday morning

Yesterday morning I got up and looked out of the window.

The sun was shining, but the ground was very wet.

It had been raining.

It was not raining when I looked out of the window; the sun was shining. But it had been raining before.

Had been -ing is past perfect continuous:




(= I’d etc.)

(= he’d etc.)

been doing


playing etc.

Some more examples:

  • When the boys came into the house, their clothes were dirty, their hair was untidy and one of them had a black eye. They’d been fighting.
  • I was very tired when I got home. I’d been working hard all day.
  • When I went to Madrid a few years ago, I stayed with a friend of mine. She hadn’t been living there very long, but she knew the city very well.

Past Perfect Continuous

You can say that something had been happening for a period of time before something else happened:

  • We’d been playing tennis for about half an hour when it started to rain heavily.
  • Paul went to the doctor last Friday. He hadn’t been feeling well for some time.

Compare have been -ing (present perfect continuous) and had been -ing (past perfect continuous):

Past Perfect Continuous



Compare was -ing (past continuous) and had been -ing:

1. It wasn’t raining when we went out. The sun was shining. But it had been raining, so the ground was wet.

2. Cathy was sitting in an armchair resting. She was tired because she‘d been working very hard.

Read the rules

Some verbs (for example, know and like) are not normally used in the continuous:

We were good friends. We had known each other for years. (not had been knowing)


Read the situations and make sentences from the words in brackets

Read the situations and complete the sentences


This time make your own sentence


Put the verb into the most suitable form, past continuous (I was doing), past perfect (I had done) or past perfect continuous (I had been doing)

If you open the lesson plan you will be able to assign separate pages as homework or all the homework pages at once.

Урок Homework Курс
  • It had been raining
  • He has been running
  • Know and like
  • I was very tired
  • We played tennis yesterday
  • We were good friends
  • Homework
  1. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|1. I am doing and I do
  2. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|2. I am doing and I do
  3. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|3. I did
  4. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|4. I was doing
  5. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|5. I have done
  6. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|6. I have done 2
  7. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|7. I have been doing
  8. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|8. I've been doing / I've done
  9. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|9. How long have you (been)...?
  10. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|10. For/since; When/How long?
  11. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|11. I have done and I did
  12. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|12. I have done and I did 2
  13. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|13. I had done
  14. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|14. I had been doing
  15. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|15. The future: I am doing / I do
  16. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|16. I will and I'm going to
  17. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|17. Future: Continuous/Perfect
  18. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|18. Conditional I
  19. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|19. Can, could and (be) able to
  20. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|20. Have to and must
  21. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|21. If I do... and If I did...
  22. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|22. If I knew... I wish I knew...
  23. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|23. Conditional III
  24. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|24. Wish
  25. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|25. Is done / was done
  26. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|26. Be/been/being + done
  27. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|27. Passive 3
  28. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|28. Passive: He is said to...
  29. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|29. Have something done
  30. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|30. He said that...
  31. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|31. Say and Tell
  32. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|32. Do you know where..?
  33. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|33. Auxiliary verbs; so/neither
  34. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|34. Do you? Isn't it? etc.
  35. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|35. Gerund
  36. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|36. Verb + to Infinitive
  37. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|37. Verb + Object + to Infinitive
  38. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|38. -ing or to: change in meaning
  39. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|39. Try/Need/Help: -ing or to
  40. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|40. Like / Would like: -ing or to
  41. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|41. Some/any/no/none
  42. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|42. Much/many/few/little
  43. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|43. Both/either/neither/all/every